Obstetrics and gynecology

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Obstetrics and Gynecology is a branch of medicine that specializes in the care of women's health, particularly in relation to childbirth, pregnancy, and disorders of the reproductive system. This includes preventative care, prenatal care, detection of sexually transmitted diseases, Pap test screening, and family planning.

Obstetrics[edit | edit source]

Obstetrics is the field of study concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. As a medical specialty, obstetrics is combined with gynecology under the discipline known as obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN).

Prenatal care[edit | edit source]

Prenatal care is important in screening for various complications of pregnancy. This includes routine prenatal care, as well as specialist consultation for those with high-risk pregnancies.

Childbirth[edit | edit source]

Childbirth is the process of delivering a baby and the placenta, membranes, and umbilical cord from the uterus to the vagina to the outside world.

Gynecology[edit | edit source]

Gynecology is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive system (vagina, uterus, and ovaries) and the breasts.

Family planning[edit | edit source]

Family planning refers to the planning of when to have children, and the use of birth control and other techniques to implement such plans.

Sexually transmitted diseases[edit | edit source]

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), also referred to as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or venereal diseases (VD), are infections that are commonly spread by sexual activity.

See also[edit | edit source]

Obstetrics and gynecology Resources
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Contributors: Bonnu, Prab R. Tumpati, MD