Disease Index

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Editor-In-Chief: Prab R Tumpati, MD
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What is a disease?[edit | edit source]

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A disease is a particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure or function of all or part of an organism, and that is not due to any immediate external injury. Diseases are often known to be medical conditions that are associated with specific signs and symptoms.

Causes[edit | edit source]

A disease may be caused by external factors such as pathogens or by internal dysfunctions. For example, internal dysfunctions of the immune system can produce a variety of different diseases, including various forms of immunodeficiency, hypersensitivity, allergies and autoimmune disorders.

Human diseases[edit | edit source]

As medical professionals, it is important to have a broad understanding of the various diseases that can affect humans.

Types[edit | edit source]

Diseases can be classified into several categories, including infectious diseases, chronic diseases, autoimmune diseases, rare diseases and genetic disorders.

Infectious diseases[edit | edit source]

Infectious diseases are caused by pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites, that can enter the body and cause illness. These diseases can be transmitted through various means, including through the air, through contaminated food or water, or through close contact with an infected person. Common examples of infectious diseases include the flu, colds, pneumonia, and HIV/AIDS.

Chronic diseases[edit | edit source]

Chronic diseases are long-term conditions that can often be managed, but not always cured. These diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, lifestyle choices, and environmental exposures. Examples of chronic diseases include heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and asthma.

Autoimmune diseases[edit | edit source]

Autoimmune diseases occur when the body's immune system attacks healthy cells, and genetic disorders are caused by inherited defects in genes.

Management[edit | edit source]

The diagnosis and management of diseases varies depending on the specific condition and the severity of the symptoms. It may involve medications, surgeries, lifestyle changes, or other therapies. In some cases, diseases can be prevented through vaccination, good hygiene practices, and other preventive measures.

Staying upto date[edit | edit source]

As medical professionals, it is our responsibility to stay informed about the latest research and guidelines in the field, and to use this knowledge to make informed decisions about the care of our patients.

Patient education[edit | edit source]

It is also important to educate our patients about the risks for different diseases and to encourage them to take steps to prevent them when possible. This may involve recommending regular check-ups and screenings, encouraging a healthy diet and regular exercise, and following recommended preventive measures, such as getting vaccinated. If our patients are experiencing symptoms that may be related to a disease, it is important to properly evaluate and treat them.

Classification of diseases[edit | edit source]

Diseases and disorders

I. Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

II. Neoplasms or cancers

III. Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism

IV. Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases

V. Mental health and behavioural disorders

VI. Diseases of the nervous system

VII. Diseases of the eye and adnexa

VIII. Diseases of the ear and mastoid process

IX. Diseases of the circulatory system

X. Diseases of the respiratory system

XI. Diseases of the digestive system

XII. Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue

XIII. Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue

XIV. Diseases of the genitourinary system

Other related health problems

XV. Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium

XVI. Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period

XVII. Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities

XVIII. Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified

XIX. Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes

XX. External causes of morbidity and mortality

List of diseases[edit | edit source]

Here is a list of some common diseases sorted alphabetically. This does not include rare diseases which are listed separately.

A[edit | edit source]

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B[edit | edit source]

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C[edit | edit source]

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D[edit | edit source]

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E[edit | edit source]

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F[edit | edit source]

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G[edit | edit source]

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H[edit | edit source]

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I[edit | edit source]

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J-K[edit | edit source]

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L[edit | edit source]

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M[edit | edit source]

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N[edit | edit source]

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O[edit | edit source]

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P[edit | edit source]

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Q-R[edit | edit source]

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S[edit | edit source]

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T[edit | edit source]

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U-V[edit | edit source]

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W-Z[edit | edit source]


See Also[edit | edit source]

Gallery[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD