Reproductive surgery

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Reproductive surgery is a specialized branch of surgery that focuses on treating the anatomical disorders affecting the reproductive system of males and females. These surgical procedures aim to restore or improve reproductive function and can address issues such as congenital abnormalities, structural problems, obstructions, and dysfunction.

Overview[edit | edit source]

Reproductive surgery is often considered when there are structural problems that contribute to infertility or other reproductive health issues. Surgeons in this field work closely with gynecologists, urologists, and endocrinologists to diagnose and treat conditions that can affect a person's ability to conceive or lead to other reproductive health concerns.

Conditions Treated[edit | edit source]

Reproductive surgeons address a variety of conditions including but not limited to:

Female Reproductive Surgery[edit | edit source]

Female reproductive surgery includes a wide range of procedures such as:

  • Tubal ligation reversal – surgery to reopen, untie, or reconnect a woman's fallopian tubes to enable pregnancy.
  • Myomectomy – removal of uterine fibroids.
  • Hysteroscopy – inspection of the uterine cavity by endoscopy with access through the cervix.
  • Laparoscopy – a minimally invasive surgical procedure on the abdomen or pelvis through small incisions with the aid of a camera.
  • Ovarian Drilling – a treatment for PCOS that can trigger ovulation.

Male Reproductive Surgery[edit | edit source]

Male reproductive surgeries are primarily performed to address infertility and structural disorders:

Diagnostic Techniques[edit | edit source]

Advanced diagnostic techniques are used to identify reproductive health issues that may require surgical intervention:

Training and Certification[edit | edit source]

Reproductive surgeons typically complete specialized training following their residency in fields such as Obstetrics and Gynecology or Urology. In some countries, they may require additional certification in reproductive endocrinology and infertility.

Importance in Fertility Treatments[edit | edit source]

Reproductive surgery can play a critical role in fertility treatments, either as a standalone solution or in conjunction with assisted reproductive technologies like in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Medicine - Specialties and subspecialties

Cardiac surgery - Cardiothoracic surgery - Colorectal surgery - Ophthalmology - General surgery - Neurosurgery - Oral and maxillofacial surgery - Orthopedic surgery - Hand surgery - Otolaryngology - ENT - Pediatric surgery - Plastic surgery - Reproductive surgery - Surgical oncology - Transplant surgery - Trauma surgery - Urology - Andrology - Vascular surgery

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