Sports medicine

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Sports Medicine[edit | edit source]

Sports Medicine Specialist assessing an athlete

Sports Medicine, sometimes referred to as Sport and Exercise Medicine (SEM), is a specialized branch of medicine focused on the comprehensive care of athletes and individuals engaged in exercise and physical activities. This domain addresses both the enhancement of health and fitness and the prevention, management, and rehabilitation of injuries linked to physical activity.

Historical Context[edit | edit source]

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The integration of physicians in sports teams has been a long-standing practice. However, the recognition of sports medicine as an individual medical realm distinct from others emerged predominantly in the late 20th century. The acknowledgement and structure of this field can differ significantly across nations.

Scope[edit | edit source]

SEM encompasses a broad spectrum, ranging from the specific medical specialty or subspecialty in certain countries to a broader domain that includes a diverse range of practitioners in others.

A multidisciplinary approach is pivotal in sports medicine, often requiring a collaboration of specialists to devise the most suitable recovery strategy for the athlete. This collaborative team can comprise:

Key Areas of Focus[edit | edit source]

SEM practitioners specialize in managing and treating a myriad of conditions:

  • Musculoskeletal injuries encompassing muscle, ligament, tendon, and bone issues
  • Chronic conditions that can hinder physical performance, for instance, asthma and diabetes
  • Advice on preventive measures to avert injuries

Beyond the treatment of injuries, SEM specialists also emphasize the therapeutic benefits of physical activity, championing its role in disease prevention and management.

Training and Specialization[edit | edit source]

In Europe, a typical framework for specialization in SEM entails a rigorous 4-year training encompassing:

  • Internal medicine with a strong focus on cardiology, emergency medicine, and clinical nutrition
  • Orthopedics and traumatology
  • Physical and rehabilitation medicine
  • A fellowship at an esteemed sports medicine institution

Significance in Public Health[edit | edit source]

SEM consultants play a crucial role in the promotion of physical activity and its myriad benefits, countering the health implications associated with sedentary lifestyles. They underscore the profound impact of exercise in the primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention of diseases.

See Also[edit | edit source]


References[edit | edit source]

Further reading[edit | edit source]

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Medicine - Specialties and subspecialties
Surgery

Cardiac surgery - Cardiothoracic surgery - Colorectal surgery - Ophthalmology - General surgery - Neurosurgery - Oral and maxillofacial surgery - Orthopedic surgery - Hand surgery - Otolaryngology - ENT - Pediatric surgery - Plastic surgery - Reproductive surgery - Surgical oncology - Transplant surgery - Trauma surgery - Urology - Andrology - Vascular surgery

Medicine Internal medicine - Allergy / Immunology - Angiology - Cardiology - Endocrinology - Gastroenterology - Hepatology - Geriatrics - Hematology - Hospital medicine - Infectious disease - Nephrology - Oncology - Pulmonology - Rheumatology
Obstetrics and gynaecology Gynaecology - Gynecologic oncology - Maternal–fetal medicine - Obstetrics - Reproductive endocrinology and infertility - Urogynecology
Diagnostic Radiology - Interventional radiology - Nuclear medicine - Pathology - Anatomical - Clinical pathology - Clinical chemistry - Cytopathology - Medical microbiology - Transfusion medicine
Other specialties Addiction medicine - Adolescent medicine - Anesthesiology - Dermatology - Disaster medicine - Diving medicine - Emergency medicine - Family medicine - General practice - Hospital medicine - Intensive care medicine - Medical genetics - Narcology - Neurology - Clinical neurophysiology - Occupational medicine - Ophthalmology - Oral medicine - Pain management - Palliative care - Pediatrics - Neonatology - Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) - Preventive medicine - Psychiatry -Addiction psychiatry - Radiation oncology - Reproductive medicine - Sexual medicine - Sleep medicine - Sports medicine - Transplantation medicine - Tropical medicine - Travel medicine - Venereology
Medical education Medical school - USMLE - Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery - Bachelor of Medical Sciences - Doctor of Medicine - Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine - Alternative medicine - Allied health - Dentistry - Podiatry - Pharmacy - Physiotherapy - Molecular oncology - Nanomedicine - Personalized medicine - Public health - Rural health - Therapy - Traditional medicine - Veterinary medicine - Physician - Chief physician - History of medicine
Misc. topics Health topics A-Z - Rare diseases - Drugs - Diet - Medicine portal - First Aid - Glossary of medicine - Health insurance - Glossary of health topics - Drug classes - Medicines - Dentistry portal - Pharmacology and Medications-Medications portal - Pharmacology portal - Psychiatry portal


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