Oral medicine

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Oral medicine, also known as dental medicine or stomatology, is a specialized branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and disorders affecting the mouth and surrounding structures. It encompasses a wide range of conditions, including oral mucosal diseases, salivary gland disorders, temporomandibular joint disorders, and oral manifestations of systemic diseases.

Overview[edit | edit source]

Oral medicine is a multidisciplinary field that combines elements of dentistry and medicine to provide comprehensive care for patients with complex oral health issues. Practitioners in this field, known as oral medicine specialists or oral and maxillofacial medicine specialists, undergo extensive training to diagnose and manage a variety of oral and systemic conditions.

Common Conditions[edit | edit source]

Oral medicine specialists are trained to diagnose and treat a variety of conditions, including:

Diagnosis and Treatment[edit | edit source]

Diagnosis in oral medicine often involves a thorough examination of the oral cavity, including the mucosa, teeth, and salivary glands. Specialized tests such as biopsies, imaging studies, and salivary function tests may be used to aid in diagnosis. Treatment options vary depending on the specific condition but may include medications, lifestyle modifications, and surgical interventions.

Importance of Oral Medicine[edit | edit source]

Oral health is closely linked to overall health, and many systemic diseases can manifest in the oral cavity. By addressing oral health issues promptly, oral medicine specialists can help improve patients' quality of life and prevent complications associated with untreated oral conditions.

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD