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Editor-In-Chief: Prab R Tumpati, MD
Obesity, Sleep & Internal medicine
Founder, WikiMD Wellnesspedia &
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Wellness refers to the idea of being healthy, not just abcencse of disease. Health, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), is "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The concept of wellness focuses ono by prevention, in many dimensions such as physical, emotional, social, environmental, financial, intellectual and spiritual wellbeing. The concept of wellness goes beyond the idea of abcense of disease by promoting measures that are aimed at prevention, rather than cure. While some of the concepts in wellness are considered alternative medicine, there are many measures that are evidence based and should be part of any evidence based medical practice. Wellness is an holistic concept that encompasses various aspects of physical, mental, and social well-being. It is not just the absence of disease or infirmity, but a state of optimal health and vitality. In recent years, wellness has gained increasing attention as a critical aspect of overall health and well-being, and many individuals and organizations have sought to promote wellness as a way to improve quality of life and reduce healthcare costs.

Principles of wellness[edit | edit source]

One of the key aspects of wellness is physical health. This includes regular exercise, a healthy diet, and getting enough sleep. Exercise has been shown to have numerous benefits, including improving cardiovascular health, strengthening bones and muscles, and reducing the risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease (Lee et al, 2018). A healthy diet, on the other hand, provides the body with the necessary nutrients to function properly and can also help to prevent chronic diseases. Adequate sleep is also important for overall health and well-being, as it allows the body to repair and rejuvenate itself (Nedeltcheva et al, 2010).

Mental well-being[edit | edit source]

Another important aspect of wellness is mental health. This includes emotional well-being, cognitive functioning, and social well-being. Emotional well-being is defined as the ability to regulate emotions and to cope with stress in a healthy way. Emotional well-being can be improved by practicing mindfulness, which has been shown to improve mental health and reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression (Keng et al, 2011). Cognitive functioning is important for memory, attention, and decision-making, and can be improved by engaging in activities such as reading and puzzles (Nyberg et al, 2016). Social well-being is an essential aspect of overall well-being as it refers to the ability to build and maintain relationships, which can provide emotional support, sense of belonging and psychological well-being (Baumeister and Leary, 1995).

Spiritual well-being[edit | edit source]

Another key aspect of wellness is spiritual well-being. This includes a sense of purpose, connection to something greater than oneself, and a belief in a higher power. Research has shown that spiritual well-being is positively associated with emotional well-being, improved coping skills and overall quality of life (Koenig et al, 2001).

Environmental well-being[edit | edit source]

Wellness also includes environmental well-being, which means being aware and mindful of the natural world and our impact on it. It encourages us to live in harmony with nature and make choices that are sustainable for the planet (Brosschot, 2010). This can include taking steps to reduce energy consumption, reduce waste, and preserve natural resources. Some examples of measures taken to improve health and wellbeing and promote prevention and wellness include the following:

Let food be medicine, and medicine be food[edit | edit source]

Some people use complementary health approaches in an effort to promote general well-being or wellness, rather than to help manage symptoms of a health problem. For example, 2012 national survey data show that people most often use yoga and dietary supplements for wellness. Wellness has several dimensions, including emotional well-being (coping effectively with life and creating satisfying relationships) and physical well-being (recognizing the need for physical activity, healthy foods, and sleep).

Research sponsored by National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health suggests that people who use complementary approaches for wellness tend to have better overall health, higher rates of physical activity, and lower rates of obesity than those who use complementary approaches to help manage a health problem.

WikiMD's food and nutrition lab - Search any food item and find calorie & nutrition information Health benefits of losing weight

Research has shown that losing as little as 5 to 10% of your body weight can have big payoffs for your health with one study showing as much as 40% reduction in all cause mortality and morbidity with 5 pounds of weight loss in women and 48% reduction for the same weight loss in men even if you maintain the weight loss.

Holistic wellness[edit | edit source]

Wellness is a holistic concept that encompasses various aspects of physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, and environmental well-being. Regular exercise, healthy eating, getting enough sleep, emotional regulation, cognitive and social activities and living in harmony with nature are key components of wellness. Moreover, studies have shown that promoting wellness can have numerous benefits, such as reducing the risk of chronic diseases, improving mental health, and increasing overall quality of life. Therefore, it is important that individuals, organizations and society in general, actively strive to promote wellness and encourage people to adopt healthy lifestyles.

Wellness | health, nutrition and wellness topics

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: Desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117(3), 497–529.
  2. Brosschot, J.F. (2010). Environmental stress and cardiovascular disease. Cardiology Clinics, 28(3), 399–407.
  3. Keng, S-L, Smoski, M.J. & Robins, C.J. (2011) Effects of mindfulness on psychological health:

Complementary and alternative medicine


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD