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Psychiatry

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Founder, WikiMD & W8MD weight loss and sleep centers. Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to diagnosing, preventing, and treating mental disorders. These include various maladaptations related to mood, behavior, cognition, and perceptions. See glossary of psychiatry.

Psychiatric assessment of a person typically begins with a case history and mental status examination. Physical examinations and psychological tests may be conducted. Neuroimaging or other neurophysiological techniques may also be used. Mental disorders are often diagnosed under clinical concepts listed in diagnostic manuals. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is edited and used by the World Health Organization (WHO). The widely used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). The fifth edition of the DSM (DSM-5) was published in 2013. It included more up-to-date research and re-organized the larger categories of various diseases.

Nowadays, psychiatric treatment usually involves a combination of psychiatric medication and psychotherapy. Modern practice also includes a wide variety of other modalities. These include assertive community treatment, community reinforcement, and supported employment. Treatment depends on the severity of functional impairment or other aspects of the disorder. It may be delivered on an inpatient or outpatient basis. An inpatient may be treated in a psychiatric hospital. Research and treatment within psychiatry as a whole are conducted on an interdisciplinary basis (e.g., with epidemiologists, mental health counselors, nurses, psychologists, public health specialists, radiologists or social workers).

Etymology

American Lady Against The Sky.jpg

The word psyche comes from the ancient Greek for soul or butterfly.

The term "psychiatry" was first coined by the German physician Johann Christian Reil in 1808 and literally means the 'medical treatment of the soul' (psych- "soul" from Ancient Greek psykhē "soul"; -iatry "medical treatment" from Gk. iātrikos "medical" from iāsthai "to heal").

A medical doctor specializing in psychiatry is a psychiatrist. (For a historical overview, see Timeline of psychiatry.)

Tests and procedures

Mental diseases
Mental diseases

Some of the common tests and procedures performed by psychiatrists include:

Please contact the provider's office of Psychiatry for the exact procedures, tests, and other services performed by Psychiatry.

Journals

Some of the top journals in the field of Psychiatry include:

Glossaries

Find a psychiatrist

List of psychiatrists

Comprehensive list of psychiatrists in the United States.

Resources

Latest articles - Psychiatry

PubMed
Clinical trials


Portions of content adapted from Wikipedia's article on Psychiatry which is released under the CC BY-SA 3.0.


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