Neonatology

From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellnesspedia

Neonatology[edit | edit source]

Portable neonatal incubator by Oxygenaire

Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that focuses on the medical care of newborn infants, particularly those born prematurely, with low birth weight, intrauterine growth restriction, congenital malformations, or other medical conditions requiring special attention and intensive care. Neonatologists are specially trained physicians who diagnose, manage, and treat these vulnerable patients, often in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).

History[edit | edit source]

The field of neonatology emerged in the mid-20th century as advancements in medical technology and understanding of neonatal physiology allowed for better care of newborn infants, especially those born prematurely or with medical complications. The first NICU was established in the United States in 1960, and the subspecialty has since continued to evolve, incorporating new technologies and treatment approaches.

Education and Training[edit | edit source]

To become a neonatologist, a physician must first complete medical school and a pediatric residency. Following this, they must undergo additional fellowship training in neonatal-perinatal medicine, which typically lasts three years. This training covers the specialized knowledge and skills needed to care for critically ill newborns and manage complex neonatal cases.

Scope of Practice[edit | edit source]

Neonatologists are responsible for the care of newborn infants who require close monitoring and specialized medical interventions. Their scope of practice includes:

Assessment and management of newborn infants with respiratory distress, sepsis, or other life-threatening conditions Care of extremely premature infants, often born before 28 weeks of gestation or weighing less than 1000 grams Management of infants with congenital anomalies or genetic disorders that require specialized care Provision of specialized care during the transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life, including resuscitation and stabilization at birth.

Collaboration with other pediatric specialists, such as surgeons, cardiologists, and neurologists, to manage complex medical conditions Counseling and support for families of infants in the NICU, including discussions of prognosis, treatment options, and long-term outcomes

Common Conditions and Treatments[edit | edit source]

Neonatologists manage a wide variety of conditions affecting newborn infants. Some of the most common include:

Treatment approaches in neonatology often involve a combination of medical interventions, such as mechanical ventilation, medication administration, and nutritional support, as well as surgical interventions when necessary.

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Medicine - Specialties and subspecialties
Surgery

Cardiac surgery - Cardiothoracic surgery - Colorectal surgery - Ophthalmology - General surgery - Neurosurgery - Oral and maxillofacial surgery - Orthopedic surgery - Hand surgery - Otolaryngology - ENT - Pediatric surgery - Plastic surgery - Reproductive surgery - Surgical oncology - Transplant surgery - Trauma surgery - Urology - Andrology - Vascular surgery

Medicine Internal medicine - Allergy / Immunology - Angiology - Cardiology - Endocrinology - Gastroenterology - Hepatology - Geriatrics - Hematology - Hospital medicine - Infectious disease - Nephrology - Oncology - Pulmonology - Rheumatology
Obstetrics and gynaecology Gynaecology - Gynecologic oncology - Maternal–fetal medicine - Obstetrics - Reproductive endocrinology and infertility - Urogynecology
Diagnostic Radiology - Interventional radiology - Nuclear medicine - Pathology - Anatomical - Clinical pathology - Clinical chemistry - Cytopathology - Medical microbiology - Transfusion medicine
Other specialties Addiction medicine - Adolescent medicine - Anesthesiology - Dermatology - Disaster medicine - Diving medicine - Emergency medicine - Family medicine - General practice - Hospital medicine - Intensive care medicine - Medical genetics - Narcology - Neurology - Clinical neurophysiology - Occupational medicine - Ophthalmology - Oral medicine - Pain management - Palliative care - Pediatrics - Neonatology - Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) - Preventive medicine - Psychiatry -Addiction psychiatry - Radiation oncology - Reproductive medicine - Sexual medicine - Sleep medicine - Sports medicine - Transplantation medicine - Tropical medicine - Travel medicine - Venereology
Medical education Medical school - USMLE - Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery - Bachelor of Medical Sciences - Doctor of Medicine - Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine - Alternative medicine - Allied health - Dentistry - Podiatry - Pharmacy - Physiotherapy - Molecular oncology - Nanomedicine - Personalized medicine - Public health - Rural health - Therapy - Traditional medicine - Veterinary medicine - Physician - Chief physician - History of medicine
Misc. topics Health topics A-Z - Rare diseases - Drugs - Diet - Medicine portal - First Aid - Glossary of medicine - Health insurance - Glossary of health topics - Drug classes - Medicines - Dentistry portal - Pharmacology and Medications-Medications portal - Pharmacology portal - Psychiatry portal
Neonatology Resources
Doctor showing form.jpg
Wiki.png

Navigation: Wellness - Encyclopedia - Health topics - Disease Index‏‎ - Drugs - World Directory - Gray's Anatomy - Keto diet - Recipes

Search WikiMD


Ad.Tired of being Overweight? Try W8MD's physician weight loss program.
Semaglutide (Ozempic / Wegovy and Tirzepatide (Mounjaro) available.
Advertise on WikiMD

WikiMD is not a substitute for professional medical advice. See full disclaimer.

Credits:Most images are courtesy of Wikimedia commons, and templates Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY SA or similar.