Gynecologic oncology

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Gynecologic Oncology is a specialized field of surgery that focuses on the medical and surgical treatment of women with cancers of the reproductive system. As a subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology, gynecologic oncologists are trained to provide comprehensive management of patients with gynecologic cancers.

Scope of Gynecologic Oncology[edit | edit source]

This field encompasses the diagnosis and treatment of several types of cancer, including:

Screening and Prevention[edit | edit source]

Among these cancers, cervical cancer is unique in that it has effective screening tests, such as the Pap smear and the HPV test, which can detect precancerous changes and cancer in its early stages when treatments are most likely to be successful. This contrasts with other gynecologic cancers, which often do not have screening tests that can find early-stage cancer.

Treatment Approaches[edit | edit source]

Gynecologic oncologists utilize various treatment modalities, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and participation in clinical trials for new treatments. The choice of treatment is personalized and depends on the type and stage of cancer, as well as the patient's overall health and preferences.

Multidisciplinary Care[edit | edit source]

The care of patients with gynecologic cancers often involves a multidisciplinary team approach, including the coordination of care between surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, and allied health professionals.

Research and Advances[edit | edit source]

Ongoing research in gynecologic oncology aims to improve diagnostic methods, develop more effective treatments, and understand the risk factors and molecular genetics of gynecologic cancers to advance preventive strategies.

List of Gynecological oncologists (USA)[edit | edit source]

See Also[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD