Orthopedic surgery

From WikiMD's Wellnesspedia

Prab-R-Tumpati-MD.jpeg

Editor-In-Chief: Prab R Tumpati, MD
Obesity, Sleep & Internal medicine
Founder, WikiMD Wellnesspedia &
W8MD medical weight loss and sleep centers


Dr. Borgrewink

Orthopedic Surgery: An Overview[edit | edit source]

Orthopedic surgery is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of musculoskeletal disorders, including those affecting the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles. Orthopedic surgeons perform surgical and non-surgical procedures to treat a wide range of conditions, such as fractures, dislocations, degenerative diseases, and congenital anomalies. This article will discuss the history, scope, and various subspecialties of orthopedic surgery, as well as common procedures and advances in the field.

History of Orthopedic Surgery[edit | edit source]

The term "orthopedic" is derived from the Greek words "orthos," meaning "straight" or "correct," and "paideia," meaning "child-rearing." The field of orthopedics was initially focused on treating skeletal deformities in children. However, it has since expanded to include various disorders affecting people of all ages. Orthopedic surgery has a long history, with evidence of ancient civilizations practicing techniques such as bone setting and splinting. The modern era of orthopedic surgery began in the 18th and 19th centuries with advancements in surgical techniques, anesthesia, and sterilization, which enabled more complex and safer procedures.

Scope and Subspecialties[edit | edit source]

Orthopedic surgery encompasses a wide range of conditions and treatments, with several subspecialties focusing on specific areas of the musculoskeletal system:

  • General orthopedics: Involves the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of musculoskeletal conditions, including fractures, dislocations, and degenerative diseases.
  • Sports medicine: Focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of sports-related injuries, such as ligament tears, tendon injuries, and fractures.
  • Pediatric orthopedics: Addresses musculoskeletal disorders in children and adolescents, including congenital deformities, growth abnormalities, and fractures.
  • Hand surgery: Deals with conditions affecting the hand, wrist, and forearm, including carpal tunnel syndrome, tendon injuries, and fractures.
  • Foot and ankle surgery: Specializes in the treatment of foot and ankle disorders, such as bunions, hammertoes, and ankle instability.
  • Joint replacement: Involves the surgical replacement of damaged joints, such as the hip, knee, or shoulder, with artificial components known as prostheses.
  • Spine surgery: Focuses on the treatment of spinal disorders, including scoliosis, herniated discs, and spinal stenosis.
  • Trauma surgery: Addresses acute injuries to the musculoskeletal system resulting from accidents, falls, or other traumatic events.

Common Orthopedic Procedures[edit | edit source]

  • Orthopedic surgeons perform a wide range of surgical and non-surgical procedures to treat musculoskeletal conditions, such as:
  • Arthroscopy: A minimally invasive procedure that uses a small camera (arthroscope) to visualize, diagnose, and treat problems inside a joint.
  • Joint replacement: A surgical procedure in which a damaged joint is replaced with an artificial prosthesis, such as a hip or knee replacement.
  • Fracture repair: The surgical fixation of broken bones, using methods such as casting, splinting, or internal fixation with plates, screws, or rods.
  • Ligament reconstruction: The surgical repair or replacement of a torn or damaged ligament, often performed using arthroscopy.
  • Spinal fusion: A surgical procedure that joins two or more vertebrae together to stabilize the spine and relieve pain.

Advances in Orthopedic Surgery[edit | edit source]

  • Orthopedic surgery continues to evolve, with advances in technology and techniques leading to improved patient outcomes and faster recovery times. Some notable advances in the field include:
  • Robotic-assisted surgery: Robotic technology is increasingly being used in orthopedic procedures, such as joint replacement and spine surgery, to improve surgical precision and reduce complications.
  • Minimally invasive techniques: Minimally invasive procedures, such as arthroscopy and percutaneous spine surgery, offer patients shorter hospital stays, reduced pain, and faster recovery times compared to traditional open surgery.
  • Biological treatments: Advances in regenerative medicine, such as platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy and stem cell treatments, are being used to stimulate the body's natural healing processes and promote tissue repair in orthopedic conditions.
  • 3D printing: The use of 3D printing technology has revolutionized the design and production of custom orthopedic implants, such as joint prostheses and spinal fusion devices, providing a more precise fit and improved patient outcomes.
  • Computer-assisted navigation: This technology allows orthopedic surgeons to perform procedures with greater accuracy and less invasive techniques, leading to improved patient outcomes and reduced complications.

Training and Certification[edit | edit source]

Orthopedic surgeons must complete several years of education and training, including undergraduate studies, medical school, and a residency in orthopedic surgery. Some orthopedic surgeons may also choose to pursue a fellowship in a specific subspecialty, such as sports medicine or spine surgery. Board certification is an important credential for orthopedic surgeons, demonstrating their expertise and commitment to maintaining high standards of care.

List of Orthopedic Surgeons (USA)[edit | edit source]

See Also[edit | edit source]

Orthopedic surgery Resources

Find a healthcare provider anywhere in the world quickly and easily!

Translate to: East Asian 中文, 日本, 한국어, South Asian हिन्दी, Urdu, বাংলা, తెలుగు, தமிழ், ಕನ್ನಡ,
Southeast Asian Indonesian, Vietnamese, Thai, မြန်မာဘာသာ, European español, Deutsch, français, русский, português do Brasil, Italian, polski

WikiMD.png


WikiMD is the world's largest, free medical and wellness encyclopedia edited only by professionals. Advertise!



Medicine - Specialties and subspecialties
Surgery

Cardiac surgery - Cardiothoracic surgery - Colorectal surgery - Ophthalmology - General surgery - Neurosurgery - Oral and maxillofacial surgery - Orthopedic surgery - Hand surgery - Otolaryngology - ENT - Pediatric surgery - Plastic surgery - Reproductive surgery - Surgical oncology - Transplant surgery - Trauma surgery - Urology - Andrology - Vascular surgery

Medicine Internal medicine - Allergy / Immunology - Angiology - Cardiology - Endocrinology - Gastroenterology - Hepatology - Geriatrics - Hematology - Hospital medicine - Infectious disease - Nephrology - Oncology - Pulmonology - Rheumatology
Obstetrics and gynaecology Gynaecology - Gynecologic oncology - Maternal–fetal medicine - Obstetrics - Reproductive endocrinology and infertility - Urogynecology
Diagnostic Radiology - Interventional radiology - Nuclear medicine - Pathology - Anatomical - Clinical pathology - Clinical chemistry - Cytopathology - Medical microbiology - Transfusion medicine
Other specialties Addiction medicine - Adolescent medicine - Anesthesiology - Dermatology - Disaster medicine - Diving medicine - Emergency medicine - Family medicine - General practice - Hospital medicine - Intensive care medicine - Medical genetics - Narcology - Neurology - Clinical neurophysiology - Occupational medicine - Ophthalmology - Oral medicine - Pain management - Palliative care - Pediatrics - Neonatology - Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) - Preventive medicine - Psychiatry -Addiction psychiatry - Radiation oncology - Reproductive medicine - Sexual medicine - Sleep medicine - Sports medicine - Transplantation medicine - Tropical medicine - Travel medicine - Venereology
Medical education Medical school - USMLE - Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery - Bachelor of Medical Sciences - Doctor of Medicine - Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine - Alternative medicine - Allied health - Dentistry - Podiatry - Pharmacy - Physiotherapy - Molecular oncology - Nanomedicine - Personalized medicine - Public health - Rural health - Therapy - Traditional medicine - Veterinary medicine - Physician - Chief physician - History of medicine
Misc. topics Health topics A-Z - Rare diseases - Drugs - Diet - Medicine portal - First Aid - Glossary of medicine - Health insurance - Glossary of health topics - Drug classes - Medicines - Dentistry portal - Pharmacology and Medications-Medications portal - Pharmacology portal - Psychiatry portal


Wiki.png

Navigation: Wellness - Encyclopedia - Health topics - Disease Index‏‎ - Drugs - World Directory - Gray's Anatomy - Keto diet - Recipes

Search WikiMD


Ad.Tired of being Overweight? Try W8MD's physician weight loss program.
Semaglutide (Ozempic / Wegovy and Tirzepatide (Mounjaro) available.
Advertise on WikiMD

WikiMD is not a substitute for professional medical advice. See full disclaimer.

Credits:Most images are courtesy of Wikimedia commons, and templates Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY SA or similar.