Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

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MBBS doctor in India
MBBS doctor in India
MBBS Batch Graduation Ceremony in a medical college
MBBS Batch Graduation Ceremony in a medical college

MBBS (Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae), translated to English as Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, is a primary medical degree used in various countries across the globe. Notably, this qualification is observed predominantly in nations that were or are members of the Commonwealth. Its equivalence can be likened to the MD (Doctor of Medicine) title used in other countries, though the duration and nuances of education and training might differ.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The Latin origin for the abbreviation 'MBBS' stands for "Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae". In English terms, it is commonly known as the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.

Education and Training[edit | edit source]

In India[edit | edit source]

In countries like India, MBBS serves as the foundational medical degree. Typically, students who have concluded a 10+2 educational level (akin to high school graduation in the United States) and have passed competitive entrance exams are considered eligible for the MBBS course. This program usually spans 4 to 4.5 years, followed by 1 year of house surgeon training, commonly referred to as the internship phase.

Comparison with the United States[edit | edit source]

Contrastingly, in the United States, potential MD candidates undergo 4 years of pre-medical studies, succeeded by another 4 years dedicated to medical education. Post this, they engage in a residency training that generally lasts 3 years or more.

Postgraduate Opportunities[edit | edit source]

In the majority of nations recognizing the MBBS, a postgraduate medical education can be pursued. This includes an MD (Doctor of Medicine) in medicine-centric specialties and MS (Master of Surgery) for those inclined towards surgical specialties.

Countries Recognizing MBBS[edit | edit source]

The following outlines a list of countries and territories that either offer the MBBS degree or recognize its value:

See Also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD