Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

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MBBS is a latin name for the medical degree used in many countries such as Canada, United Kingdom, India, Australia, and other common wealth countries.

MBBS doctor in India
MBBS doctor in India

Latin name for MBBS

The latin name for MBBS is Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae and the English name is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is a degree equivalent to MD (Doctor of Medicine) although there are some differences in duration of education and training between MBBS and MD.

MBBS Batch Graduation Ceremony in a medical college
MBBS Batch Graduation Ceremony in a medical college

Comparison with other countries

In countries such as India, where MBBS course is offered as the basic medical degree, the typical education is students that completed education of 10+2(equal to high school graduation in the United States) are eligible to apply for MBBS seat after passing additional competitive tests. The typical duration of the MBBS course is about 4 to 4.5 years with an additional 1 year of house surgeon training (internship).

In the United States, an MD student would have completed 4 years of pre-medical education followed by 4 years of medical education, with additional residency training that typically is 3 or more years.

MD after MBBS

In most countries that offer the MBBS, there is a post graduate medical education offered as MD in medicine related specialties and MS (Master of Surgery) in surgical specialties.

Countries using MBBS

The following is a list(not exhaustive) of countries and territories some form of MBBS degree or recognize it from other countries.

  • Australia
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • China
  • Egypt
  • France
  • Ghana
  • Guyana
  • Hong-Kong
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Jordan
  • Kenya
  • Libya
  • Malaysia
  • Mexico
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • New-Zealand
  • Nigeria
  • Pakistan
  • Saudi-Arabia
  • Singapore
  • Somalia
  • South-Africa
  • South-Sudan
  • Sri-Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Syria
  • Tunisia
  • Uganda
  • United-Kingdom
  • Vietnam
  • West-Indies
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

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