Medical school

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Harvard Medical School, Boston
Harvard Medical School, Boston

Medical school is a graduate school offering study of medicine and in many cases basic surgery, leading to a medical degree.

Attending medical school is the requisite path for individuals aiming to become physicians, allowing them to gain both theoretical knowledge and practical experience in patient care.

Overview[edit | edit source]

Medical schools provide comprehensive education in the field of medicine, ensuring that students acquire a deep understanding of human health and diseases. Their curricula cover a vast array of topics, from basic medical sciences, such as anatomy and physiology, to clinical skills and patient interactions. Graduating from a medical school is a significant milestone on the journey to becoming a practicing physician.

Curriculum[edit | edit source]

Medical school curricula can vary slightly across institutions, but most programs have a few common elements:

  • Basic Sciences: This phase typically spans the first and second years of medical school and delves into foundational subjects such as anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, microbiology, pathology, and pharmacology. This phase often includes laboratory work and, sometimes, early patient interactions.
  • Clinical Rotations: Generally occurring in the third and fourth years, students undergo rotations across various medical specialties. These rotations allow students to gain hands-on experience, working directly with patients under the supervision of experienced physicians.
  • Electives: Many medical schools offer elective courses that students can choose based on their interests. This allows students to delve deeper into specific areas of medicine they might be considering for specialization.

Degrees Offered[edit | edit source]

Upon successful completion of the medical school curriculum, students are awarded a medical degree. The specific title of the degree may vary depending on the country and institution:

  • M.D.: Doctor of Medicine
  • M.B.B.S.: Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery
  • D.O.: Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine

Admission Process[edit | edit source]

Gaining admission to a medical school is often competitive and requires:

  • A strong academic background, typically a bachelor's degree in a related field such as biology or chemistry.
  • Competitive scores on entrance exams like the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) in the United States.
  • Letters of recommendation.
  • Relevant extracurricular activities, such as volunteering in healthcare settings or research experience.
  • Personal interviews to assess the applicant's commitment, motivation, and suitability for the profession.

Continuing Education[edit | edit source]

After obtaining a medical degree, graduates typically undergo further training in the form of residency programs. These programs allow them to specialize in a particular area of medicine, such as pediatrics, surgery, or internal medicine.

Also see[edit | edit source]

Medical school Resources
Doctor showing form.jpg

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD