Medicine is an expansive field that encompasses the science and practice of the diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. It integrates a multitude of health care practices aimed at maintaining and restoring health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Modern medicine leverages a vast array of disciplines including biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease.
Medicine as a Field of Study[edit | edit source]
Medicine is both a life-saving scientific study and a clinical practice dedicated to diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases and injuries. It's a dynamic profession that covers a broad spectrum of specialties and is continually evolving.
Branches of Medicine[edit | edit source]
Medicine can be broadly divided into basic and clinical sciences, each encompassing a variety of sub-disciplines.
Basic Sciences[edit | edit source]
Clinical Sciences[edit | edit source]
Specialties of Medicine[edit | edit source]
Medicine is divided into numerous specialties and sub-specialties, each focused on a specific aspect of health and disease. These include but are not limited to:
- Cardiology - Heart and circulatory system
- Dermatology - Skin, hair, and nails
- Emergency Medicine - Immediate decision making and action
- Nerology - Nervous system
- Oncology - Cancer
- Psychiatry - Mental health
Drugs[edit | edit source]
The field of pharmacology is integral to medicine, focusing on the use of drugs to treat and prevent illness. This section would cover various drug classes, their indications, mechanisms of action, side effects, and interactions.
Wellness[edit | edit source]
Wellness emphasizes the proactive maintenance of health. It includes lifestyle choices and activities aimed at achieving physical, mental, and emotional well-being.
Weight Loss[edit | edit source]
Addressing weight loss involves understanding the medical and lifestyle aspects of obesity and overweight. This includes dietary advice, exercise regimens, and in some cases, medical interventions.
Holistic Medicine[edit | edit source]
Holistic medicine is an approach to healing that considers the whole person -- body, mind, spirit, and emotions -- in the quest for optimal health and wellness.
Integrative Medicine[edit | edit source]
Integrative Medicine combines conventional Western medicine with alternative therapies to treat the whole person, rather than just the symptoms of a disease.
Category tree[edit | edit source]
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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD