Interventional radiology

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Interventional radiology A

Interventional radiology (IR), sometimes known as vascular and interventional radiology (VIR), is a medical specialty that focuses on minimally invasive, targeted treatments using imaging guidance. The primary tools used in IR are radiology imaging techniques, such as X-ray, CT scan, MRI, and ultrasound.

IMRI suite
A typical positioning of the operators during a CT guided operation

History[edit | edit source]

Interventional radiology traces its origins to the early 20th century with the advent of medical imaging. The development of catheter technology in the 1960s, combined with advanced imaging techniques, set the stage for the rise of IR as a distinct specialty.

CCSVI balloon dilatation of stenosed jugular vein

Procedures[edit | edit source]

IR procedures are minimally invasive alternatives to open and laparoscopic (keyhole) surgery. Some common IR procedures include:

Equipment and Tools[edit | edit source]

Interventional radiologists use a range of equipment, the most common being:

Biliary stenosis

Benefits and Risks[edit | edit source]

Benefits[edit | edit source]

PEG tube insertion
  • Minimally invasive, often reducing pain and recovery time.
  • Often avoids the need for larger surgeries.
  • Can be less expensive than surgical treatments.
  • May reduce the risk of infection.

Risks[edit | edit source]

  • Possible allergic reactions to contrast materials.
  • Infections.
  • Bleeding at the puncture site.
  • Damage to blood vessels.

Training and Certification[edit | edit source]

To become an interventional radiologist, a physician must undergo extensive training. This usually involves:

  • A diagnostic radiology residency.
  • A 1-2 year specialized IR fellowship.

After completing the training, physicians can obtain board certification in interventional radiology from bodies like the American Board of Radiology.

List of Interventional radiology doctors (USA)[edit | edit source]

Glossary of terms[edit | edit source]

See Also[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit source]

Latest articles - Interventional radiology

Clinical trials

Source: Data courtesy of the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Since the data might have changed, please query MeSH on Interventional radiology for any updates.

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