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Urogynecology, a sub-specialty of Gynecology and Urology, is dedicated to the study and treatment of pelvic floor disorders in women. Combining aspects of both parent specialties, urogynecologists address issues related to the dysfunction of the pelvic floor and bladder, which often arise due to childbirth, menopause, or aging.

Overview[edit | edit source]

Urogynecology focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and other disorders affecting the pelvic floor. The pelvic floor is a set of muscles, ligaments, and connective tissues that support the organs of the pelvis, including the bladder, intestines, uterus, and vagina.

Conditions Treated[edit | edit source]

Urogynecologists treat a range of conditions, which may include, but are not limited to:

Diagnostic Techniques[edit | edit source]

To diagnose pelvic floor disorders, urogynecologists may use various techniques, including:

  • Urodynamics – studies that assess how the bladder and urethra perform their job of storing and releasing urine.
  • Cystoscopy – an examination of the lining of the bladder and urethra using a scope.
  • Pelvic Ultrasound – imaging to visualize pelvic organs.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the pelvis – provides detailed images of the pelvic floor.

Treatments[edit | edit source]

Treatments in urogynecology include non-surgical and surgical options:

  • Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy – exercises to strengthen pelvic floor muscles.
  • Pessary – a device inserted into the vagina to support pelvic organs.
  • Medications – for conditions like OAB or interstitial cystitis.
  • Surgery – procedures like sling operations for incontinence or repair surgeries for prolapse.

Surgical Interventions[edit | edit source]

Some of the surgical interventions a urogynecologist may perform are:

Training and Certification[edit | edit source]

Urogynecologists are physicians who have completed medical school and residency training in obstetrics and gynecology or urology, followed by fellowship training in urogynecology. They may be board-certified through the American Board of Urology or the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Importance in Women's Health[edit | edit source]

Urogynecology plays a vital role in women's health, addressing issues that can significantly affect quality of life. With a focus on restoring normal function and alleviating symptoms, urogynecologists help women regain confidence and comfort.

Pelvic floor and reconstructive medicine[edit | edit source]

This a branch of medicine that deals with female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery(also called urogynecology) These physicians provide consultation services and comprehensive management of women with pelvic floor disorders, including:

Urogynecologist / Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery[edit | edit source]

Board certification in Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery is available from

  1. The American Board of Obstetrics & Gynecology (ABOG) and American Board of Urology (ABU) or
  2. The American Osteopathic Association (AOA) and American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (AOBOG)

Difference between urologists & urogynecologists?[edit | edit source]

The biggest difference between urologists and urogynecologist is that a urogynecologist only treats women while urologists treat both men and women.

Urogynecology Resources
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