Urogynecology

From WikiMD's Wellnesspedia

Urogynecology, a sub-specialty of Gynecology and Urology, is dedicated to the study and treatment of pelvic floor disorders in women. Combining aspects of both parent specialties, urogynecologists address issues related to the dysfunction of the pelvic floor and bladder, which often arise due to childbirth, menopause, or aging.

Overview

Urogynecology focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and other disorders affecting the pelvic floor. The pelvic floor is a set of muscles, ligaments, and connective tissues that support the organs of the pelvis, including the bladder, intestines, uterus, and vagina.

Conditions Treated

Urogynecologists treat a range of conditions, which may include, but are not limited to:

Diagnostic Techniques

To diagnose pelvic floor disorders, urogynecologists may use various techniques, including:

  • Urodynamics – studies that assess how the bladder and urethra perform their job of storing and releasing urine.
  • Cystoscopy – an examination of the lining of the bladder and urethra using a scope.
  • Pelvic Ultrasound – imaging to visualize pelvic organs.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the pelvis – provides detailed images of the pelvic floor.

Treatments

Treatments in urogynecology include non-surgical and surgical options:

  • Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy – exercises to strengthen pelvic floor muscles.
  • Pessary – a device inserted into the vagina to support pelvic organs.
  • Medications – for conditions like OAB or interstitial cystitis.
  • Surgery – procedures like sling operations for incontinence or repair surgeries for prolapse.

Surgical Interventions

Some of the surgical interventions a urogynecologist may perform are:

Training and Certification

Urogynecologists are physicians who have completed medical school and residency training in obstetrics and gynecology or urology, followed by fellowship training in urogynecology. They may be board-certified through the American Board of Urology or the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Importance in Women's Health

Urogynecology plays a vital role in women's health, addressing issues that can significantly affect quality of life. With a focus on restoring normal function and alleviating symptoms, urogynecologists help women regain confidence and comfort.

Pelvic floor and reconstructive medicine

This a branch of medicine that deals with female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery(also called urogynecology) These physicians provide consultation services and comprehensive management of women with pelvic floor disorders, including:

Urogynecologist / Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery

Board certification in Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery is available from

  1. The American Board of Obstetrics & Gynecology (ABOG) and American Board of Urology (ABU) or
  2. The American Osteopathic Association (AOA) and American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (AOBOG)

Difference between urologists & urogynecologists?

The biggest difference between urologists and urogynecologist is that a urogynecologist only treats women while urologists treat both men and women.

Resources

External Resources & AI tools
Up To Date
UpToDate
AI tools
Artificial intelligence
WikiMD
WikiMD.png

WikiMD is the world's largest, free medical and wellness encyclopedia edited only by professionals. Advertise!


Medicine - Specialties and subspecialties
Surgery

Cardiac surgery - Cardiothoracic surgery - Colorectal surgery - Ophthalmology - General surgery - Neurosurgery - Oral and maxillofacial surgery - Orthopedic surgery - Hand surgery - Otolaryngology - ENT - Pediatric surgery - Plastic surgery - Reproductive surgery - Surgical oncology - Transplant surgery - Trauma surgery - Urology - Andrology - Vascular surgery

Medicine Internal medicine - Allergy / Immunology - Angiology - Cardiology - Endocrinology - Gastroenterology - Hepatology - Geriatrics - Hematology - Hospital medicine - Infectious disease - Nephrology - Oncology - Pulmonology - Rheumatology
Obstetrics and gynaecology Gynaecology - Gynecologic oncology - Maternal–fetal medicine - Obstetrics - Reproductive endocrinology and infertility - Urogynecology
Diagnostic Radiology - Interventional radiology - Nuclear medicine - Pathology - Anatomical - Clinical pathology - Clinical chemistry - Cytopathology - Medical microbiology - Transfusion medicine
Other specialties Addiction medicine - Adolescent medicine - Anesthesiology - Dermatology - Disaster medicine - Diving medicine - Emergency medicine - Mass gathering medicine - Family medicine - General practice - Hospital medicine - Intensive care medicine - Medical genetics - Narcology - Neurology - Clinical neurophysiology - Occupational medicine - Ophthalmology - Oral medicine - Pain management - Palliative care - Pediatrics - Neonatology - Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) - Preventive medicine - Psychiatry -Addiction psychiatry - Radiation oncology - Reproductive medicine - Sexual medicine - Sleep medicine - Sports medicine - Transplantation medicine - Tropical medicine - Travel medicine - Venereology
Medical education Medical school - USMLE - Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery - Bachelor of Medical Sciences - Master of Medicine - Master of Surgery - Doctor of Medicine - Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine - Alternative medicine - Allied health - Dentistry - Podiatry - Pharmacy - Physiotherapy - Molecular oncology - Nanomedicine - Personalized medicine - Public health - Rural health - Therapy - Traditional medicine - Veterinary medicine - Physician - Chief physician - History of medicine
Misc. topics Health topics A-Z - Rare diseases - Drugs - Diet - Medicine portal - First Aid - Glossary of medicine - Health insurance - Glossary of health topics - Drug classes - Medicines - Dentistry portal - Pharmacology and Medications-Medications portal - Pharmacology portal - Psychiatry portal
Wiki.png

Navigation: Wellness - Encyclopedia - Health topics - Disease Index‏‎ - Drugs - World Directory - Gray's Anatomy - Keto diet - Recipes

Search WikiMD


Ad.Tired of being Overweight? Try W8MD's insurance physician weight loss
Philadelphia medical weight loss & NYC medical weight loss. Advertise on WikiMD

WikiMD is not a substitute for professional medical advice. See full disclaimer.

Credits:Most images are courtesy of Wikimedia commons, and templates Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY SA or similar.


Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD