Surgical oncology

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Surgical Oncology is a specialized area of surgery focused on the management and treatment of cancer. This discipline involves the surgical removal of tumors, both malignant and benign, and plays a pivotal role in the multidisciplinary approach to cancer treatment.

Scope of Surgical Oncology[edit | edit source]

Surgical oncologists are trained to perform surgeries for a wide range of cancers. They work closely with medical and radiation oncologists to provide comprehensive care for cancer patients. Surgical oncologists are also involved in performing biopsies that aid in the diagnosis and staging of cancer.

Common Cancers Treated[edit | edit source]

Surgical oncologists handle various types of cancers, including, but not limited to:

Gynecologic Oncology[edit | edit source]

Gynecologic Oncology is a related specialty that focuses specifically on cancers of the female reproductive system, such as uterine and ovarian cancers.

Training and Certification[edit | edit source]

Surgeons in this field complete a general surgery residency followed by a fellowship in surgical oncology. They are often certified by the American Board of Surgery, with additional specialized credentials in oncology surgery.

Surgical Techniques[edit | edit source]

Techniques used by surgical oncologists include:

  • Traditional open surgeries
  • Minimally invasive surgeries, such as laparoscopic or robotic-assisted procedures
  • Organ-preserving surgeries to maintain function and quality of life

Research and Advancements[edit | edit source]

Surgical oncology is a rapidly evolving field with ongoing research aimed at improving surgical techniques, discovering new cancer therapies, and understanding tumor biology to enhance patient outcomes.

List of Surgical Oncologists (USA)[edit | edit source]

See Also[edit | edit source]

Surgical oncology Resources

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD