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  • Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with tumors, including study of their development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.
  • Cancer is a collection of related diseases in which some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues.
  • Common Types of Cancer include cancer of the Lung, prostate, and breast cancer are a few of the most common cancers in the United States.
  • Physicians that practice oncology are called oncologists who can either be medical oncologists that do chemotherapy or surgical oncologists that do surgeries.
  • Physicians that focus on using radiation as a cancer therapy are called radiation oncologists.

Medical oncology

Medical oncologists focus on diagnosing, staging, and treatment of cancer using chemotherapy and other non-surgical measures.

Conditions treated

  • A medical oncologists (specialist in oncology) are physicians who has special training in diagnosing and treating cancer in adults using chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, biological therapy, and targeted therapy.
  • A medical oncologist often is the main health care provider for someone who has cancer.
  • A medical oncologist also gives supportive care and may coordinate treatment given by other specialists.


Surgical oncology

  • Surgical oncologists are surgeons that specialize in doing surgeries on patients dealing with cancer

See also


Latest articles - Oncology

Clinical trials

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