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Phoenician sin.svg
Proto-Canaanite - shin.svg
==S ==

S is the nineteenth letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet. It is commonly used in various languages and has a rich history and significance in different fields.

History[edit | edit source]

The letter S has its origins in the Phoenician alphabet, where it was represented by the symbol "šīn" (𐤔). This symbol was adopted into the Greek alphabet as "sigma" (Σ, σ, ς), and later into the Etruscan alphabet and the Latin alphabet as "S".

Usage in Language[edit | edit source]

In the English language, S is a consonant and is used in a variety of contexts. It is often used to denote plurals in nouns (e.g., "cats", "dogs") and is also a common letter in many words and names.

Phonetics[edit | edit source]

In phonetics, the letter S typically represents the voiceless alveolar fricative /s/, as in the word "see". In some languages, it can also represent other sounds, such as the voiced alveolar fricative /z/ in certain contexts.

Mathematics and Science[edit | edit source]

In mathematics, S is often used to denote a set. In physics, it can represent entropy in thermodynamics. In chemistry, S is the symbol for the element sulfur.

Computing[edit | edit source]

In computing, S is used in various programming languages and systems. For example, in the C programming language, %s is used as a format specifier for strings.

Other Uses[edit | edit source]

S is also used in various other contexts, such as in music to denote a sharp note (e.g., F#), in sports to represent the position of shortstop in baseball, and in geography to denote south.

Related Letters and Characters[edit | edit source]

  • Sigma (Σ, σ, ς) - Greek equivalent
  • Shin (𐤔) - Phoenician origin
  • Eszett (ß) - German letter

See Also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD