From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia


1-Octanol is a chemical compound that belongs to the alcohol family. It is a colorless liquid with a distinctive aroma. The molecular formula for 1-Octanol is C8H18O.

Chemical Properties[edit | edit source]

1-Octanol is a straight-chain fatty alcohol with eight carbon atoms and a molecular weight of 130.23 g/mol. It is a secondary alcohol that is very slightly soluble in water but readily soluble in most organic solvents.

Production[edit | edit source]

1-Octanol is produced industrially by the hydroformylation of alkenes, followed by hydrogenation of the resulting aldehydes. This process, known as the Oxo process, is a major method for the production of alcohols.

Uses[edit | edit source]

1-Octanol is used in a variety of applications. It is a common ingredient in perfumes due to its pleasant odor. It is also used as a solvent for protective surface coatings, inks, adhesives, and in pharmaceuticals. In addition, 1-Octanol serves as a defoaming agent in the manufacture of paper and textiles.

Health Effects[edit | edit source]

Exposure to 1-Octanol can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. It may also cause central nervous system depression. Long-term exposure can lead to more serious health effects such as liver and kidney damage.

Safety[edit | edit source]

1-Octanol is flammable and should be kept away from heat, sparks, and open flames. It should be stored in a cool, well-ventilated area. In case of skin or eye contact, rinse immediately with plenty of water.

See Also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD