16-Androstene

From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

16-Androstene is a term used to refer to any of the androstene steroids that have a molecular structure based on a 16-carbon skeleton. These compounds are part of the larger class of steroids, which are organic compounds with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.

Chemistry[edit | edit source]

16-Androstene steroids are derived from cholesterol. They are formed through a series of chemical reactions that involve the removal of certain atoms or groups of atoms and the addition of others. The specific structure of a 16-androstene steroid depends on the exact sequence of these reactions.

Biological Role[edit | edit source]

In humans and other mammals, 16-androstene steroids are produced in the adrenal glands and the gonads. They play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of male secondary sexual characteristics. Some 16-androstene steroids, such as androstenone and androstenol, are also found in high concentrations in the sweat and urine of boars, and are thought to act as pheromones.

Pharmacology[edit | edit source]

16-Androstene steroids have been investigated for their potential use in medicine. For example, they have been studied as possible treatments for conditions such as hypogonadism, a disorder characterized by low levels of sex hormones. However, their use in medicine is currently limited, largely due to concerns about their potential side effects.

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD