1957–1958 influenza pandemic

From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

Asian flu in Sweden 1957 (2)
Asian flu in Sweden 1957
Monthly time series of all‐cause and respiratory mortality per 10,000 people in Chile, 1953–1959.jpg

1957–1958 influenza pandemic

The 1957–1958 influenza pandemic, also known as the Asian flu, was a global outbreak of influenza that originated in East Asia and spread worldwide. It was caused by a new strain of the Influenza A virus known as H2N2. This pandemic resulted in significant morbidity and mortality, with estimates of the death toll ranging from one to two million people globally.

Origin and Spread[edit | edit source]

The pandemic is believed to have originated in Guizhou province, China, in early 1957. The virus quickly spread to Hong Kong and then to other parts of Asia. By the summer of 1957, the virus had reached the United States, Europe, and other continents, facilitated by increased international travel and trade.

Virology[edit | edit source]

The H2N2 virus was a novel strain that resulted from a reassortment of avian and human influenza viruses. This reassortment led to the emergence of a virus to which the human population had little to no preexisting immunity. The virus contained genes from an avian influenza virus, which contributed to its high transmissibility and pathogenicity.

Impact[edit | edit source]

The 1957–1958 influenza pandemic had a profound impact on global health. In the United States alone, it is estimated that around 70,000 people died. The pandemic also caused widespread illness, leading to significant economic and social disruption. Schools, workplaces, and public services were affected as large numbers of people fell ill.

Public Health Response[edit | edit source]

Public health responses varied by country but generally included measures such as quarantine, vaccination, and public awareness campaigns. A vaccine was developed relatively quickly, and mass vaccination efforts were implemented in many countries. However, the rapid spread of the virus meant that many people were infected before the vaccine became widely available.

Legacy[edit | edit source]

The 1957–1958 influenza pandemic highlighted the importance of global surveillance and rapid response to emerging infectious diseases. It also underscored the need for ongoing research into influenza viruses and the development of effective vaccines and antiviral treatments.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Further reading[edit | edit source]

This pandemic-related article is a stub. You can help WikiMD by expanding it.


Navigation: Wellness - Encyclopedia - Health topics - Disease Index‏‎ - Drugs - World Directory - Gray's Anatomy - Keto diet - Recipes

Search WikiMD

Ad.Tired of being Overweight? Try W8MD's physician weight loss program.
Semaglutide (Ozempic / Wegovy and Tirzepatide (Mounjaro / Zepbound) available.
Advertise on WikiMD

WikiMD is not a substitute for professional medical advice. See full disclaimer.

Credits:Most images are courtesy of Wikimedia commons, and templates Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY SA or similar.

Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD