Quarantine is a strategy used in public health to restrict the movement of individuals who may have been exposed to a contagious disease to prevent its spread. The term is derived from the Italian phrase quaranta giorni, which means forty days, a reference to the practice in the 14th century of keeping ships from plague-stricken countries waiting off the port for 40 days to ensure no latent cases were aboard.
History[edit | edit source]
The concept of quarantine has been known since biblical times, and is known to have been practiced in the 14th century in an effort to protect coastal cities from plague epidemics. Ships arriving in Venice from infected ports were required to sit at anchor for 40 days before landing. This practice, called quarantine, was derived from Quaranta giorni, the Italian words for 40 days.
Types of Quarantine[edit | edit source]
There are several types of quarantine, which can be divided into two main categories:
- Absolute quarantine: Absolute quarantine is the strict isolation of individuals or groups infected with the same disease.
- Partial quarantine: Partial quarantine is the restriction of movement of those who have been exposed to a contagious disease, but who are not yet ill.
Legal and Ethical Issues[edit | edit source]
Quarantine raises numerous legal and ethical issues, as it involves restricting the movement of individuals to protect public health. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides guidelines for the implementation of quarantine measures, balancing the need to prevent the spread of diseases with respect for individual rights.
See Also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]