From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

2,2′-Bipyridine, also known as bipyridine or bipy, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C10H8N2. It is a bidentate chelating ligand, forming complexes with most transition metal ions. These complexes are involved in various chemical processes, including catalysis, electrochemistry, and the synthesis of coordination compounds. 2,2′-Bipyridine is a colorless solid that is soluble in organic solvents.

Structure and Properties[edit | edit source]

2,2′-Bipyridine consists of two pyridine rings connected at the 2 and 2′ positions. The molecule is planar, which facilitates its ability to bind metals at two sites. The nitrogen atoms in 2,2′-Bipyridine donate electron pairs to metal ions, forming stable coordination complexes. The electronic properties of 2,2′-Bipyridine can be modified by substituting different groups on the pyridine rings, which can enhance its chelating ability or alter its photophysical properties.

Synthesis[edit | edit source]

2,2′-Bipyridine is synthesized through the dehydrogenation of pyridine, usually using a metal catalyst such as nickel or cobalt. The reaction involves the formation of a pyridine dimer, followed by dehydrogenation to produce 2,2′-Bipyridine.

Applications[edit | edit source]

2,2′-Bipyridine and its derivatives are widely used in the field of coordination chemistry. They serve as ligands in the synthesis of coordination compounds, which have applications in catalysis, molecular electronics, and photonics. In catalysis, 2,2′-Bipyridine complexes are used in processes such as olefin polymerization, carbon dioxide reduction, and water oxidation. In electrochemistry, these complexes are involved in the development of electrochromic devices and solar cells.

Health and Safety[edit | edit source]

Exposure to 2,2′-Bipyridine can cause irritation to the skin, eyes, and respiratory system. It should be handled with appropriate safety precautions, including the use of personal protective equipment. In case of exposure, it is important to seek immediate medical attention.

Environmental Impact[edit | edit source]

The environmental impact of 2,2′-Bipyridine depends on its concentration and the specific context of its use. As with many chemicals, improper disposal can lead to contamination of water and soil, affecting aquatic life and potentially entering the human food chain. It is important to follow all regulatory guidelines for the disposal of 2,2′-Bipyridine and its derivatives.


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD