From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

2-Butyne is an alkyne with the chemical formula C4H6. It is a colorless, flammable gas at room temperature and pressure. 2-Butyne is one of the simplest forms of hydrocarbons that contain a triple bond between two carbon atoms, making it an unsaturated molecule. This compound is of interest in organic chemistry and industrial applications due to its reactivity and versatility.

Structure and Properties[edit | edit source]

2-Butyne has a linear structure due to the sp hybridization of the carbon atoms involved in the triple bond. The molecule consists of four carbon atoms, with the triple bond between the second and third carbon atoms, denoted as CH3C≡CC2H5. This structure imparts unique physical and chemical properties to the molecule, such as a relatively low boiling point (approximately 27°C) compared to its saturated counterparts.

The presence of the triple bond significantly affects the molecule's reactivity, making it a useful intermediate in various chemical syntheses. 2-Butyne can undergo reactions typical of alkynes, such as hydrogenation, halogenation, and hydrohalogenation, often requiring the presence of a catalyst.

Synthesis[edit | edit source]

2-Butyne can be synthesized through several methods, including the dehydration of secondary alcohols or the dimerization of ethylene under specific conditions. One common laboratory synthesis involves the dehydrohalogenation of 2,3-dibromobutane using a strong base, such as sodium amide (NaNH2).

Applications[edit | edit source]

Due to its reactive triple bond, 2-Butyne serves as an important intermediate in organic synthesis. It is used in the production of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and polymers. Additionally, 2-Butyne can be hydrogenated to yield butenes or further hydrogenated to produce butane, both of which are valuable as fuels and chemical feedstocks.

Safety and Handling[edit | edit source]

2-Butyne is highly flammable and should be handled with care. It requires proper storage conditions to prevent accidental ignition. Safety measures include using inert gas atmospheres for handling and storage, avoiding sources of ignition, and ensuring good ventilation in the working area.

Environmental Impact[edit | edit source]

As with many hydrocarbons, the release of 2-Butyne into the environment poses risks due to its flammability and potential contribution to air pollution. However, its rapid reaction with atmospheric components typically limits its environmental persistence.

External Links[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD