Celastraceae

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Celastrus orbiculatus.jpg

Celastraceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Celastrales. The family includes approximately 100 genera and 1,300 species, which are primarily distributed in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Members of this family are commonly known as the staff vine family.

Description[edit | edit source]

Celastraceae are typically shrubs, small trees, or lianas. The leaves are usually simple, alternate, and have stipules. The flowers are generally small, bisexual, and actinomorphic, with a well-developed calyx and corolla. The fruit is often a capsule, berry, or drupe, and seeds are frequently arillate.

Genera[edit | edit source]

Some notable genera within the Celastraceae family include:

Distribution and Habitat[edit | edit source]

Members of the Celastraceae family are found in a variety of habitats, ranging from tropical rainforests to temperate woodlands. They are particularly diverse in tropical regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas.

Uses[edit | edit source]

Several species within the Celastraceae family have economic and medicinal importance. For example, species of the genus Euonymus are often used as ornamental plants in gardens and landscapes. Additionally, some species have been used in traditional medicine for their purported therapeutic properties.

Phylogeny and Classification[edit | edit source]

The Celastraceae family is part of the order Celastrales, which also includes the families Parnassiaceae and Lepidobotryaceae. Molecular phylogenetic studies have helped to clarify the relationships within the family and its placement within the order.

Conservation[edit | edit source]

Many species within the Celastraceae family are subject to habitat loss and other environmental pressures. Conservation efforts are important to protect these species and their habitats.

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD