Cell respiration

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Cell Respiration is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products. The reactions involved in respiration are catabolic reactions, which break down large molecules into smaller ones, releasing energy in the process.

Overview[edit | edit source]

Cell respiration is a complex process that involves three main stages: glycolysis, the Krebs cycle (also known as the citric acid cycle or the tricarboxylic acid cycle), and the electron transport chain. These stages are interconnected and work together to produce ATP, the main energy currency of the cell.

Glycolysis[edit | edit source]

Glycolysis is the first stage of cell respiration. It takes place in the cytoplasm of the cell and does not require oxygen. During glycolysis, one molecule of glucose is broken down into two molecules of pyruvate, producing a net gain of two ATP molecules and two NADH molecules.

Krebs Cycle[edit | edit source]

The Krebs cycle, also known as the citric acid cycle or the tricarboxylic acid cycle, is the second stage of cell respiration. It takes place in the mitochondria of the cell and requires oxygen. During the Krebs cycle, each molecule of pyruvate produced during glycolysis is further broken down, producing ATP, NADH, and FADH2 molecules, as well as carbon dioxide as a waste product.

Electron Transport Chain[edit | edit source]

The electron transport chain is the final stage of cell respiration. It also takes place in the mitochondria and requires oxygen. During the electron transport chain, the NADH and FADH2 molecules produced during glycolysis and the Krebs cycle are used to produce a large amount of ATP. Water and carbon dioxide are also produced as waste products.

Importance of Cell Respiration[edit | edit source]

Cell respiration is essential for all living organisms because it provides the energy needed for all cellular processes. Without cell respiration, organisms would not be able to grow, reproduce, or maintain their structures.

See Also[edit | edit source]

Wiki.png

Navigation: Wellness - Encyclopedia - Health topics - Disease Index‏‎ - Drugs - World Directory - Gray's Anatomy - Keto diet - Recipes

Search WikiMD


Ad.Tired of being Overweight? Try W8MD's physician weight loss program.
Semaglutide (Ozempic / Wegovy and Tirzepatide (Mounjaro / Zepbound) available.
Advertise on WikiMD

WikiMD is not a substitute for professional medical advice. See full disclaimer.

Credits:Most images are courtesy of Wikimedia commons, and templates Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY SA or similar.

Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD