From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia


Celtuce (Lactuca sativa var. asparagina, Lactuca sativa var. augustana, or Lactuca sativa var. angustata), also known as stem lettuce, asparagus lettuce, or Chinese lettuce, is a unique vegetable cultivated primarily for its stem or stalk, which is used in cooking. Originating from China, where it is known as wosun (莴笋), celtuce has gained popularity in various cuisines around the world due to its distinctive texture and flavor.

Description[edit | edit source]

Celtuce belongs to the Lactuca genus, which also includes familiar varieties of lettuce. Unlike other lettuces that are grown for their leaves, celtuce is prized for its long, thick stem that can grow up to 30-40 cm in length. The stem has a slightly bitter taste and a texture reminiscent of a cross between a cucumber and a zucchini. The leaves of the celtuce plant are also edible but are more commonly used as a leafy green in salads and cooking.

Cultivation[edit | edit source]

Celtuce thrives in cooler climates and is typically sown in early spring or late summer. The plant requires well-drained soil and regular watering to develop its characteristic thick stem. Harvesting occurs when the stem reaches an optimal thickness, usually before the plant starts to flower, as flowering can make the stem woody and less palatable.

Culinary Uses[edit | edit source]

In culinary applications, celtuce is versatile and can be prepared in various ways. The stem can be sliced thinly and eaten raw in salads, where it adds a crisp texture and a nutty flavor. It is also commonly stir-fried, steamed, or added to soups in Asian cuisine. The leaves can be used similarly to other leafy greens, adding a slightly bitter taste to dishes.

Nutritional Value[edit | edit source]

Celtuce is a nutritious vegetable, rich in vitamin C, vitamin K, and dietary fiber. It also contains a good amount of potassium and vitamin A. Its high water content makes it a refreshing choice during hot weather.

Cultural Significance[edit | edit source]

In China, celtuce is not only a popular vegetable but also features in traditional festivals and culinary traditions. It is appreciated for its unique flavor and texture, making it a staple in many regional dishes.

See Also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD