From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia


Centrolobium is a genus of flowering plants in the Fabaceae family, which is commonly referred to as the legume, pea, or bean family. This genus is native to the tropical regions of South America, where it thrives in a variety of habitats from dry forests to moist tropical rainforests. Centrolobium species are recognized for their hard and durable wood, which is highly valued in furniture making and construction. The wood is often sought after for its attractive color and grain, as well as its resistance to decay and insects.

Description[edit | edit source]

Plants in the Centrolobium genus are typically large, deciduous trees, reaching heights of up to 30-40 meters. They possess compound leaves, which are arranged in an alternate fashion along the branches. The flowers of Centrolobium species are small, with distinctive yellow or orange hues, and are often arranged in racemes. These plants are notable for their large, woody pods, which contain seeds that are dispersed by wind or water.

Species[edit | edit source]

The Centrolobium genus includes several species, among which the most well-known are:

Each species has its own unique characteristics, but all share the common traits that define the Centrolobium genus.

Ecology[edit | edit source]

Centrolobium species play a significant role in their ecosystems. They are important for maintaining the biodiversity of the forests where they grow. The trees provide habitat and food for a wide range of animals, including insects, birds, and mammals. The flowers are pollinated by bees and other insects, while the seeds are dispersed by the elements and animals, contributing to the regeneration of the forest.

Conservation[edit | edit source]

Some species of Centrolobium are considered to be at risk due to deforestation and habitat destruction. Illegal logging, driven by the high demand for their valuable wood, poses a significant threat to these species. Conservation efforts are necessary to ensure the survival of Centrolobium species, including the establishment of protected areas and the promotion of sustainable logging practices.

Uses[edit | edit source]

The wood of Centrolobium species is highly prized for its beauty, durability, and resistance to decay. It is commonly used in the manufacture of fine furniture, flooring, and other decorative items. In addition to its use in woodworking, Centrolobium wood is also used in construction, particularly in areas where resistance to moisture and decay is important.

See Also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD