Centrum semiovale

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Centrum Semiovale

The Centrum Semiovale is an area of the brain located just beneath the cerebral cortex. It is the white matter core of the cerebrum, and is responsible for transmitting messages between different areas of the brain.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The term "Centrum Semiovale" is derived from Latin, with "centrum" meaning center and "semiovale" referring to its semi-oval shape.

Anatomy[edit | edit source]

The Centrum Semiovale is located beneath the cerebral cortex, and above the ventricles of the brain. It is composed of myelinated nerve fibers, which are responsible for transmitting messages between different areas of the brain. These fibers form the bulk of the white matter of the cerebrum.

Function[edit | edit source]

The primary function of the Centrum Semiovale is to facilitate communication between different areas of the brain. It does this by transmitting electrical signals through its myelinated nerve fibers. These signals are then interpreted by the cerebral cortex, which is responsible for higher brain functions such as thought and action.

Clinical Significance[edit | edit source]

Damage to the Centrum Semiovale can result in a variety of neurological disorders. For example, strokes that occur in this area can lead to deficits in motor function, sensory function, or both. Additionally, diseases such as multiple sclerosis can damage the myelin sheath of the nerve fibers in the Centrum Semiovale, disrupting communication between different areas of the brain.

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Centrum semiovale Resources

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD