Cerebellar tentorium

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Cerebellar Tentorium[edit | edit source]

The cerebellar tentorium, also known as the tentorium cerebelli, is a structure within the brain that plays a crucial role in supporting and protecting the cerebellum. It is a crescent-shaped fold of dura mater, a tough and fibrous membrane that surrounds the brain.

Anatomy[edit | edit source]

The cerebellar tentorium is located in the posterior cranial fossa, which is the space at the back of the skull that houses the cerebellum. It separates the cerebellum from the occipital lobes of the cerebral cortex. The tentorium is attached to the petrous part of the temporal bone, the occipital bone, and the posterior clinoid processes.

The structure of the cerebellar tentorium resembles a tent, with its apex pointing towards the internal occipital protuberance and its base attached to the petrous part of the temporal bone. It forms a horizontal shelf that partially separates the cerebellum from the cerebral hemispheres.

Function[edit | edit source]

The primary function of the cerebellar tentorium is to provide structural support and protection to the cerebellum. It acts as a barrier, preventing the cerebellum from compressing against the occipital lobes during sudden movements or changes in intracranial pressure.

Additionally, the tentorium cerebelli plays a role in maintaining the position of the cerebellum within the posterior cranial fossa. It helps to anchor the cerebellum in place and prevents it from shifting or displacing during head movements.

Clinical Significance[edit | edit source]

In certain medical conditions, the cerebellar tentorium can become compromised, leading to various clinical manifestations. For example, a tentorial herniation can occur when increased pressure within the skull causes the cerebellum to herniate through the tentorial opening. This can result in neurological symptoms such as headache, altered consciousness, and focal neurological deficits.

References[edit | edit source]


See Also[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD