Crista interfenestralis

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Crista Interfenestralis is a small crest or ridge found in the human anatomy, specifically within the ear. It is a part of the cochlea, the spiral cavity of the inner ear responsible for processing sound in mammals. The crista interfenestralis separates the fenestra vestibuli (oval window) from the fenestra cochleae (round window), two important structures in the transmission of sound waves to the inner ear.

Anatomy[edit | edit source]

The crista interfenestralis is a small, bony ridge located in the labyrinth of the inner ear. It is situated between the fenestra vestibuli and the fenestra cochleae, two openings that allow the transmission of sound waves from the middle ear to the inner ear. The crista interfenestralis serves to separate these two openings, preventing interference between the sound waves entering through each fenestra.

Function[edit | edit source]

The primary function of the crista interfenestralis is to separate the fenestra vestibuli and the fenestra cochleae. This separation is crucial for the proper transmission of sound waves to the inner ear. The fenestra vestibuli transmits sound waves to the vestibule and the semicircular canals, which are responsible for balance and spatial orientation. The fenestra cochleae, on the other hand, transmits sound waves to the cochlea, which is responsible for hearing. By separating these two fenestrae, the crista interfenestralis ensures that the sound waves entering through each fenestra do not interfere with each other, allowing for clear and accurate hearing.

Clinical Significance[edit | edit source]

While the crista interfenestralis is a small structure, abnormalities or damage to it can potentially impact hearing. Conditions such as otosclerosis, a disorder characterized by abnormal bone growth in the ear, can affect the crista interfenestralis and disrupt the transmission of sound waves to the inner ear. This can result in hearing loss or other auditory complications.

See Also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD