Open defecation is the practice of defecating outside and not into a designated toilet. The term is widely used in literature about water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) issues in developing countries. Open defecation can lead to the spread of many diseases, including cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, polio, and others.
Health Risks[edit | edit source]
Open defecation can lead to the spread of many diseases, including cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, polio, and others. These diseases are spread through fecal-oral transmission, which can occur when feces containing the disease-causing organisms are left in the open and are then ingested by people or animals.
Prevention[edit | edit source]
Prevention of open defecation is a key part of improving sanitation and hygiene in developing countries. This can be achieved through the construction of toilets and latrines, as well as through education about the importance of using these facilities.
Efforts to End Open Defecation[edit | edit source]
Many organizations, including the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), are working to end open defecation. These efforts include the promotion of improved sanitation facilities and the education of communities about the dangers of open defecation.
See Also[edit | edit source]
|Open defecation Resources