From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

The pig, also known as the domestic pig or swine, is a mammal that is commonly raised for its meat, known as pork. Pigs are also used for their hides, which are used to make leather, and for their bristles, which are used to make brushes.

Characteristics[edit | edit source]

Pigs are intelligent animals that are known for their social nature and curious personalities. They have a keen sense of smell and are able to detect odors up to seven times better than dogs. Pigs are also known for their excellent memory, and have been shown to be able to remember people and objects for several years. Pigs are omnivores, meaning that they eat both plants and animals. In the wild, pigs feed on a variety of foods, including roots, tubers, fruits, and small animals. Domesticated pigs are typically fed a diet of grains and vegetables.

Uses[edit | edit source]

Pigs are primarily raised for their meat, which is a popular food around the world. Pork is used in a variety of dishes, including bacon, ham, sausages, and other cured meats. Pigs are also used for their hides, which are used to make leather products such as shoes, belts, and handbags. Their bristles are used to make brushes, and their fat is used to make candles and soap. In some cultures, pigs are also used for religious or cultural purposes. For example, pigs are considered sacred animals in Hinduism and are often used in religious ceremonies and festivals.

Sustainability[edit | edit source]

Pig farming can have both positive and negative environmental impacts. On the one hand, pigs can be raised on small farms using sustainable and humane practices, and can provide a valuable source of protein and income for local communities. On the other hand, large-scale pig farming can have negative environmental impacts, such as water pollution and deforestation. The use of antibiotics and other chemicals in pig farming can also have negative effects on human health and the environment. Many organizations are working to promote sustainable and ethical pig farming practices, and consumers can support these efforts by choosing to buy pork from farms that are certified as sustainable and humane.

See also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD