Rainwater harvesting

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Rainwater harvesting is the accumulation and storage of rainwater for reuse on-site, rather than allowing it to run off. Rainwater can be collected from rivers or roofs, and in many places, the water collected is redirected to a deep pit (well, shaft, or borehole), a reservoir with percolation, or collected from dew or fog with nets or other tools. Its uses include water for gardens, livestock, irrigation, domestic use with proper treatment, and indoor heating for houses, etc. The harvested water can also be used as drinking water, longer-term storage, and for other purposes such as groundwater recharge.

Overview[edit | edit source]

Rainwater harvesting is one of the simplest and oldest methods of self-supply of water for households usually in rural areas. It is also used for supplemental water for occasional droughts, for water supply in urban areas, and for nature conservation, if the rainwater collected is used for recharge of groundwaters.

Techniques[edit | edit source]

There are many types of systems to harvest rainwater ranging from very simple home systems to complex industrial systems. The rate at which water can be collected from either system is dependent on the plan area of the system, its efficiency, and the intensity of rainfall i.e. the system's collection capacity.

Benefits[edit | edit source]

Rainwater harvesting provides an independent water supply during regional water restrictions and in developed countries is often used to supplement the main supply. It provides water when a drought occurs, can help mitigate flooding of low-lying areas, and reduces demand on wells which may enable groundwater levels to be sustained. It also helps in the availability of potable water, as rainwater is substantially free of salinity and other salts.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]


External links[edit | edit source]

Rainwater harvesting Resources
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