Smallpox Hospital

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== Smallpox Hospital ==

The Smallpox Hospital, also known as the Renwick Smallpox Hospital, is a historic building located on Roosevelt Island in New York City. It was designed by the architect James Renwick Jr. and opened in 1856. The hospital was specifically built to treat patients suffering from smallpox, a highly contagious and deadly disease.

History[edit | edit source]

The Smallpox Hospital was constructed in the mid-19th century during a time when smallpox outbreaks were common in urban areas. The hospital was part of a larger medical complex on Roosevelt Island, which also included the New York City Lunatic Asylum and the Charity Hospital. The hospital was designed in the Gothic Revival style, characterized by its pointed arches, detailed stonework, and dramatic vertical lines.

In 1875, the hospital was expanded to accommodate more patients. However, by the early 20th century, the incidence of smallpox had significantly decreased due to widespread vaccination efforts. The hospital was eventually closed in 1950, and the building fell into disrepair.

Architecture[edit | edit source]

The Smallpox Hospital is an example of Gothic Revival architecture, a style that was popular in the United States during the mid-19th century. The building features a symmetrical facade, pointed arches, and intricate stone carvings. The hospital was constructed using granite, which was quarried locally on Roosevelt Island.

Preservation[edit | edit source]

In 1972, the Smallpox Hospital was added to the National Register of Historic Places. Efforts to preserve the building have been ongoing, and it remains a significant historical landmark on Roosevelt Island. The ruins of the hospital are a popular site for visitors and are illuminated at night to highlight its architectural features.

Related Pages[edit | edit source]

Smallpox Hospital
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General information
LocationRoosevelt Island, New York City
Design and construction
Architect(s)James Renwick Jr.



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