Sodium chloride

From WikiMD's Health & Wellness Encyclopedia

Sodium Chloride

Sodium chloride

Sodium chloride, also known as table salt, is a chemical compound made up of sodium and chlorine. It is commonly used as a seasoning and preservative in food, as well as in the production of chemicals, medicines, and other products.

Properties and Uses

Sodium chloride is a white, crystalline substance that is highly soluble in water. It is commonly used as a seasoning in food and as a preservative to help prevent spoilage. It is also used in the production of chemicals, such as chlorine and sodium hydroxide, as well as in the production of medicines and medical devices.

Health Effects

Consuming too much sodium chloride can have negative health effects, particularly for individuals with high blood pressure or other medical conditions. However, it is also an essential nutrient that is necessary for proper bodily function. The recommended daily intake of sodium chloride varies depending on age, sex, and other factors.


Sodium chloride is produced through a variety of methods, including mining, evaporation, and chemical synthesis. It is commonly found in salt mines and in seawater, and can be extracted through the process of evaporation.


Sodium chloride is a common chemical compound that is used in a wide range of applications, including as a seasoning, preservative, and in the production of chemicals and medicines. While it is an essential nutrient, consuming too much can have negative health effects. Its production involves a variety of methods, including mining and evaporation.

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