From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane is a chlorinated hydrocarbon that is commonly used as an industrial solvent. It is a colorless liquid with a sweet, chloroform-like odor.

Chemical Properties[edit | edit source]

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane has the chemical formula C2H2Cl4 and a molecular weight of 167.85 g/mol. It is nonflammable and has a boiling point of 146.5°C. It is slightly soluble in water and readily soluble in organic solvents.

Uses[edit | edit source]

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane is primarily used as a solvent for fats, oils, waxes, resins, and rubber. It is also used in the production of pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and other organic chemicals. In addition, it is used as a refrigerant and in metal cleaning.

Health Effects[edit | edit source]

Exposure to 1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane can cause a variety of health effects. Inhalation can lead to irritation of the respiratory tract, headache, dizziness, and unconsciousness. Long-term exposure can cause liver and kidney damage. It is also a suspected human carcinogen.

Environmental Impact[edit | edit source]

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane is a persistent organic pollutant that can remain in the environment for long periods of time. It can contaminate groundwater and soil, and can bioaccumulate in aquatic organisms.

Regulation[edit | edit source]

Due to its potential health and environmental impacts, the use and disposal of 1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane is regulated in many countries. In the United States, it is regulated under the Clean Air Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.

See Also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD