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1-Butanol[edit | edit source]

Structural formula of 1-Butanol

1-Butanol, also known as n-butanol or butyl alcohol, is a primary alcohol with the chemical formula C4H9OH. It is a colorless, flammable liquid that is commonly used as a solvent, as well as in the production of various chemicals and products.

Properties[edit | edit source]

1-Butanol has a molecular weight of 74.12 g/mol and a boiling point of 117.7 °C (243.9 °F). It is soluble in water, ethanol, and ether, and has a characteristic odor. The compound is classified as a fatty alcohol due to its four-carbon chain.

Production[edit | edit source]

1-Butanol can be produced through several methods, including the oxo process, which involves the hydroformylation of propylene to produce butyraldehyde, followed by hydrogenation. It can also be derived from the fermentation of sugars by certain bacteria or yeasts.

Uses[edit | edit source]

1-Butanol has a wide range of applications in various industries. It is commonly used as a solvent in the manufacturing of coatings, paints, and varnishes. It is also utilized as an intermediate in the production of plasticizers, esters, and other chemicals.

In the pharmaceutical industry, 1-Butanol is used as a raw material for the synthesis of various drugs and pharmaceuticals. It is also employed as a flavoring agent in the food and beverage industry, providing a fruity or banana-like aroma.

Safety[edit | edit source]

1-Butanol is considered to be moderately toxic and can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory system. It is flammable and should be handled with care. Proper ventilation and personal protective equipment should be used when working with this compound.

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD