1-Propanol is a primary alcohol with the formula CH3CH2CH2OH (sometimes represented as PrOH or n-PrOH). This colorless liquid is also known as propyl alcohol or propan-1-ol. It is one of the isomers of propanol.
Properties[edit | edit source]
1-Propanol is a colorless liquid that is soluble in water. It has a molar mass of 60.1 g/mol and a density of 0.803 g/cm3. It has a boiling point of 97.2 °C and a melting point of -126.2 °C. It is flammable and its vapors can form explosive mixtures with air.
Production[edit | edit source]
1-Propanol can be produced by the hydration of propene. This process involves the addition of water to the propene molecule in the presence of a strong acid catalyst. It can also be produced by the fermentation of sugars by certain types of yeast.
Uses[edit | edit source]
1-Propanol is used as a solvent in the pharmaceutical industry, in the manufacture of resins and cellulose esters, and in the synthesis of other chemicals. It is also used as a disinfectant and antiseptic.
Safety[edit | edit source]
Exposure to 1-propanol can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. It can also cause dizziness, headache, and in severe cases, unconsciousness. It is classified as a Group 3 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), meaning it is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans.
See also[edit | edit source]
Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD