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1-Propanol is a primary alcohol with the formula CH3CH2CH2OH (sometimes represented as PrOH or n-PrOH). This colorless liquid is also known as propyl alcohol or propan-1-ol. It is one of the isomers of propanol.

Properties[edit | edit source]

1-Propanol is a colorless liquid that is soluble in water. It has a molar mass of 60.1 g/mol and a density of 0.803 g/cm3. It has a boiling point of 97.2 °C and a melting point of -126.2 °C. It is flammable and its vapors can form explosive mixtures with air.

Production[edit | edit source]

1-Propanol can be produced by the hydration of propene. This process involves the addition of water to the propene molecule in the presence of a strong acid catalyst. It can also be produced by the fermentation of sugars by certain types of yeast.

Uses[edit | edit source]

1-Propanol is used as a solvent in the pharmaceutical industry, in the manufacture of resins and cellulose esters, and in the synthesis of other chemicals. It is also used as a disinfectant and antiseptic.

Safety[edit | edit source]

Exposure to 1-propanol can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. It can also cause dizziness, headache, and in severe cases, unconsciousness. It is classified as a Group 3 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), meaning it is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans.

See also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD