2,2,2-Trichloroethanol

From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

2,2,2-Trichloroethanol is an organic compound that is a clear, colorless liquid with a sweet, ether-like odor. It is a chlorinated derivative of ethanol and is used as a sedative or hypnotic drug.

Chemical Properties[edit | edit source]

2,2,2-Trichloroethanol has the chemical formula C2H3Cl3O. It is a chlorinated derivative of ethanol, meaning it has three chlorine atoms replacing three of the hydrogen atoms in the ethanol molecule. This gives it different properties than ethanol, including a higher boiling point and a greater density.

Uses[edit | edit source]

2,2,2-Trichloroethanol is used in the production of vinyl chloride, which is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a common type of plastic. It is also used as a sedative or hypnotic drug, and as a solvent for a variety of chemical reactions.

Health Effects[edit | edit source]

Exposure to 2,2,2-Trichloroethanol can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. It can also cause dizziness, headache, confusion, and in severe cases, unconsciousness. Long-term exposure can lead to liver and kidney damage.

Safety[edit | edit source]

Due to its potential health effects, it is important to handle 2,2,2-Trichloroethanol with care. This includes using proper protective equipment, such as gloves and eye protection, and ensuring good ventilation when using it.

See Also[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD