2,4,6-tribromophenol

From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

2,4,6-Tribromophenol (TBP) is a brominated derivative of phenol. It is a white crystalline solid that has a slight phenolic odor. It is used as a fungicide, wood preservative, and disinfectant.

Chemical Properties[edit | edit source]

2,4,6-Tribromophenol has the chemical formula C6H3Br3O. It is a white to light yellow crystalline powder with a melting point of 166-170 °C and a boiling point of 344 °C. It is slightly soluble in water and readily soluble in alcohol and ether.

Uses[edit | edit source]

2,4,6-Tribromophenol is used as a fungicide and wood preservative. It is also used as a disinfectant due to its ability to kill a wide range of bacteria and fungi. In addition, it is used in the production of flame retardants for the plastic industry.

Health Effects[edit | edit source]

Exposure to 2,4,6-Tribromophenol can cause irritation to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract. It can also cause liver and kidney damage. Long-term exposure can lead to chronic health effects such as cancer and reproductive harm.

Environmental Impact[edit | edit source]

2,4,6-Tribromophenol is persistent in the environment and can bioaccumulate in aquatic organisms. It is toxic to fish and other aquatic life.

Regulation[edit | edit source]

In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates the use of 2,4,6-Tribromophenol under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA).

See Also[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD