2-Phenylphenol

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2-Phenylphenol.svg



2-Phenylphenol (also known as o-Phenylphenol or Biphenyl-2-ol) is an organic compound with the formula C12H10O. It is a white solid that is slightly soluble in water but more soluble in organic solvents.

Chemical Properties[edit | edit source]

2-Phenylphenol is a biphenyl derivative where one of the phenyl groups is substituted with a hydroxyl group at the ortho position. It has a melting point of 57°C and a boiling point of 280°C. The compound has a density of 1.25 g/cm³ and a refractive index of 1.597.

Uses[edit | edit source]

2-Phenylphenol is primarily used as a fungicide and bactericide. It is commonly applied to the surface of citrus fruits to prevent mold growth during storage and transportation. Additionally, it is used in the formulation of disinfectants and preservatives for various products, including cosmetics, leather, and textiles.

Safety and Toxicology[edit | edit source]

2-Phenylphenol has a flash point of 135°C and an autoignition temperature of 580°C. The LD50 (lethal dose for 50% of the population) for oral intake in rats is 2730 mg/kg, indicating moderate toxicity. It is classified with the GHS signal word "Warning" due to its potential health hazards.

Related Compounds[edit | edit source]

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD