Cell growth

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Cell growth refers to the process by which cells increase in size and number. This is a fundamental aspect of biology, playing a crucial role in the development, maintenance, and reproduction of all living organisms.

Overview[edit | edit source]

Cell growth involves two distinct but interconnected processes: cell enlargement and cell division. Cell enlargement is the increase in cell size, while cell division, also known as mitosis, is the process by which a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells.

Cell Enlargement[edit | edit source]

Cell enlargement is primarily driven by the accumulation of additional proteins and organelles. This process is regulated by a variety of factors, including the availability of nutrients, the cell's energy status, and signals from the cell's environment.

Cell Division[edit | edit source]

Cell division is a tightly regulated process that ensures the accurate replication of the cell's DNA and equal distribution of the cellular components to the daughter cells. This process is divided into several stages, including interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.

Regulation of Cell Growth[edit | edit source]

The regulation of cell growth is complex and involves a variety of signaling pathways. Key regulators of cell growth include the mTOR pathway, the AMPK pathway, and the PI3K/Akt pathway.

Role in Disease[edit | edit source]

Abnormal cell growth can lead to a variety of diseases, including cancer, autoimmune diseases, and neurodegenerative diseases. Understanding the mechanisms that regulate cell growth is therefore crucial for the development of treatments for these conditions.

See Also[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD