From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Cementochronology is a method of age estimation in forensic science that uses the incremental lines in cementum, the hard connective tissue covering the roots of teeth. This method is based on the principle that cementum is deposited in an incremental manner throughout life.

Overview[edit | edit source]

Cementochronology is a relatively new technique in the field of forensic anthropology and forensic odontology. It is based on the observation that the cementum layer of teeth grows continuously throughout the life of an individual. This growth is marked by the presence of incremental lines, similar to the growth rings in a tree. These lines can be counted to estimate the age of the individual at the time of death.

Methodology[edit | edit source]

The process of cementochronology involves the extraction of a tooth from the individual, usually a single rooted tooth like the lower incisor. The tooth is then sectioned longitudinally, and the sections are examined under a microscope. The incremental lines in the cementum are counted, and the age of the individual is estimated based on the number of lines.

Applications[edit | edit source]

Cementochronology has been used in various fields including forensic science, archaeology, and anthropology. In forensic science, it is used to estimate the age of unidentified human remains. In archaeology and anthropology, it is used to study the age structure of past populations.

Limitations[edit | edit source]

While cementochronology is a valuable tool in age estimation, it has several limitations. The accuracy of the method depends on the ability to count the incremental lines accurately, which can be challenging due to factors such as tooth wear and disease. Additionally, the rate of cementum deposition can vary among individuals and can be influenced by factors such as nutrition and health status.

See also[edit | edit source]

<img src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Crime_scene_tape.jpg/40px-Crime_scene_tape.jpg" alt="Stub icon" width="40" height="30" /> This forensic science related article is a stub. You can help WikiMD by expanding it.


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD