Central Bureau of Investigation

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

CBI Headquaters Delhi.jpg

Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the premier investigating agency of India, operating under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. Originally set up to investigate bribery and governmental corruption, over time its mandate has expanded to include major criminal probes and cases of national and international importance, encompassing a wide spectrum of crimes.

History[edit | edit source]

The CBI was established in 1963 by a resolution of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Later, it was transferred to the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. It was originally set up to investigate bribery and governmental corruption. In its early years, the CBI's jurisdiction was limited to matters related to the Union Territories. However, its mandate quickly expanded to take on investigations across the country, making it the central investigative agency in India.

Organization[edit | edit source]

The CBI is headed by a Director, an IPS (Indian Police Service) officer with a rank of Director General of Police. The director is assisted by a team of Special Directors, Additional Directors, Joint Directors, Deputy Inspectors General, Superintendents of Police, and other necessary staff. The agency is divided into various divisions, each focusing on specific types of investigations, such as anti-corruption, economic offenses, special crimes, and international operations.

Functions and Powers[edit | edit source]

The primary function of the CBI is to investigate cases of corruption, economic crimes, special crimes, and other high-profile cases. The agency has been granted special powers to conduct investigations across India without the state governments' permission, making it a powerful tool in the fight against corruption and crime. The CBI operates under the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, which gives it the powers to investigate crimes in any part of India, with the consent of the respective state government.

Notable Investigations[edit | edit source]

Over the years, the CBI has been involved in several high-profile and controversial investigations. These include political scandals, financial frauds, and cases of international crime. Some of the most notable investigations undertaken by the CBI include the 2G spectrum case, the Commonwealth Games scam, and the investigation into the murder of music mogul Gulshan Kumar.

Criticism and Controversies[edit | edit source]

The CBI has often been criticized for being a tool in the hands of the ruling government, used to settle political scores rather than conduct unbiased investigations. Allegations of political interference, delays in the investigation process, and failure to prosecute powerful individuals have marred the agency's reputation. Despite these criticisms, the CBI continues to play a crucial role in India's criminal justice system.

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

The Central Bureau of Investigation remains an essential part of India's fight against corruption and crime. Despite facing challenges and criticisms, its role in bringing high-profile criminals to justice cannot be underestimated. As India continues to grow and evolve, the CBI's role in maintaining law and order will undoubtedly become even more significant.


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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD