Central Java

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Central Java (Jawa Tengah) is a province in Indonesia, located in the middle of the Java island. It is bordered by West Java to the west and East Java to the east. The province's capital and largest city is Semarang.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Central Java is located on the island of Java and is surrounded by the Java Sea to the north, West Java to the west, the Indian Ocean to the south, and East Java to the east. The province covers an area of approximately 32,800 square kilometers.

History[edit | edit source]

The history of Central Java is intertwined with the history of Java itself. The region has been inhabited for thousands of years, with evidence of Neolithic settlements. It was a significant center of power during the Hindu-Buddhist era, with the Sailendra and Mataram Kingdoms leaving a rich architectural legacy.

Culture[edit | edit source]

Central Java is known for its rich Javanese culture, with its traditional Wayang puppet theatre, Gamelan music, and Batik textile art. The province is also home to the Borobudur and Prambanan temple complexes, both UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Economy[edit | edit source]

The economy of Central Java is diverse, with agriculture, manufacturing, and services all playing significant roles. The province is a major producer of rice, sugar cane, and tobacco, and its manufacturing sector includes textiles, furniture, and metalworking.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

The majority of Central Java's population is ethnically Javanese, with significant Sundanese, Chinese, and Arab communities. The primary religion is Islam, with smaller numbers of Christians, Hindus, and Buddhists.

See also[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD