Centromedian nucleus

From WikiMD's Wellness Encyclopedia

Centromedian nucleus is a part of the thalamus, which is a large mass of gray matter located in the dorsal part of the diencephalon. The centromedian nucleus is one of the components of the intralaminar nucleus of the thalamus. It is involved in the modulation of pain and the integration of diverse information for the cortex.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The term "centromedian" is derived from the Latin words "centrum" meaning center and "medianus" meaning middle. This is indicative of the nucleus's location in the center of the thalamus.

Function[edit | edit source]

The centromedian nucleus plays a crucial role in the modulation of pain. It receives input from the spinothalamic tract, which carries pain and temperature information from the body to the thalamus. The centromedian nucleus also receives input from the reticular formation, which is involved in the regulation of sleep-wake cycles and filtering incoming stimuli to discriminate irrelevant background stimuli.

The centromedian nucleus is also involved in the integration of diverse information for the cortex. It receives input from various sensory modalities and sends output to the cortex, thereby playing a role in the integration of sensory information.

Clinical significance[edit | edit source]

Damage to the centromedian nucleus can result in a variety of neurological disorders. For instance, it has been implicated in Parkinson's disease, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of dopamine-producing cells in the substantia nigra. The centromedian nucleus has also been implicated in chronic pain conditions, as it plays a crucial role in the modulation of pain.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Centromedian nucleus Resources

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD