Cerrena unicolor

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Cerrena_unicolor_45687

Cerrena unicolor

Cerrena unicolor is a species of fungus in the family Polyporaceae. It is commonly known as the mossy maze polypore or the velvet tooth fungus. This species is widely distributed and can be found in various regions around the world.

Description[edit | edit source]

Cerrena unicolor is characterized by its fan-shaped fruiting bodies that have a velvety texture on the upper surface. The fruiting bodies are typically small, ranging from 2 to 10 centimeters in diameter. The upper surface of the fungus is covered with fine hairs, giving it a mossy appearance. The underside of the fruiting body features tiny pores through which spores are released.

Habitat and Distribution[edit | edit source]

This species is commonly found growing on decaying wood, particularly hardwood trees. It plays a vital role in the decomposition of wood in forest ecosystems. Cerrena unicolor is known to occur in temperate and tropical regions worldwide.

Ecology[edit | edit source]

Cerrena unicolor is a saprotrophic fungus, meaning that it obtains nutrients by decomposing organic matter. It primarily feeds on the cellulose and lignin present in wood. The fungus helps break down dead wood, contributing to nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems.

Human Uses[edit | edit source]

While not commonly consumed by humans, Cerrena unicolor has been used in traditional medicine in some cultures for its potential medicinal properties. Research has shown that extracts from this fungus may possess antioxidant and antimicrobial properties.

Conservation[edit | edit source]

The conservation status of Cerrena unicolor is currently not a major concern, as it is a widespread species with no known significant threats to its populations. However, like many fungi, its habitat may be impacted by deforestation and habitat destruction.

References[edit | edit source]

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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD