Crossing over

From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

Crossing over is a process that occurs during meiosis, where two chromosomes pair up and exchange segments of their genetic material. This process results in a recombination of parental genes, which is a significant factor in the genetic diversity of offspring.

Overview[edit | edit source]

During the early stages of meiosis, homologous chromosomes come together in a process known as synapsis. During synapsis, the chromosomes align closely together and form a structure known as a tetrad. It is within this tetrad structure that crossing over occurs.

Crossing over involves the exchange of genetic material between non-sister chromatids. This exchange results in a physical swap of equivalent pieces of DNA, creating new combinations of genes within the chromosomes. The points at which crossing over occurs are known as chiasma.

Significance[edit | edit source]

Crossing over is a crucial process in the generation of genetic diversity. By creating new combinations of genes, crossing over contributes to the unique genetic makeup of individual organisms within a species. This genetic diversity is a key factor in evolution, as it allows for the natural selection of beneficial traits.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Crossing over Resources
Doctor showing form.jpg

Navigation: Wellness - Encyclopedia - Health topics - Disease Index‏‎ - Drugs - World Directory - Gray's Anatomy - Keto diet - Recipes

Search WikiMD

Ad.Tired of being Overweight? Try W8MD's physician weight loss program.
Semaglutide (Ozempic / Wegovy and Tirzepatide (Mounjaro) available.
Advertise on WikiMD

WikiMD is not a substitute for professional medical advice. See full disclaimer.

Credits:Most images are courtesy of Wikimedia commons, and templates Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY SA or similar.

Contributors: Admin, Prab R. Tumpati, MD