From WikiMD's Food, Medicine & Wellness Encyclopedia

Desalination is the process of removing salt and other minerals from water. This process is commonly used to convert seawater into drinking water, but it can also be used to purify other types of water.

Process[edit | edit source]

Desalination involves several steps. First, the water is pre-treated to remove large particles and other impurities. Then, it is desalinated using one of several methods, such as distillation, reverse osmosis, or electrodialysis. The desalinated water is then post-treated to adjust its pH and mineral content, and to disinfect it.

Methods[edit | edit source]

There are several methods of desalination, including:

  • Distillation: This is the oldest method of desalination and involves heating the water to create steam, which is then condensed to produce fresh water.
  • Reverse osmosis: This method uses a semi-permeable membrane to separate the water from the salts and other impurities.
  • Electrodialysis: This method uses electricity to separate the salts from the water.

Uses[edit | edit source]

Desalination is used in many parts of the world where fresh water is scarce, such as in the Middle East and North Africa. It is also used on ships and submarines, and in some industrial processes.

Environmental impact[edit | edit source]

Desalination has some environmental impacts, including the production of brine (a concentrated salt solution) that must be disposed of, and the use of large amounts of energy.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Desalination Resources
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Contributors: Prab R. Tumpati, MD